Natalie Bayard Brown papers, 1877-1950

(bulk 1897-1950)


John Hay Library , Special Collections
Box A
Brown University
Providence, RI 02912
Tel: 401-863-2146
email: hay@brown.edu

Published in 2012

Collection Overview

Title: Natalie Bayard Brown papers
Date range: 1877-1950, (bulk 1897-1950)
Creator: Brown, Natalie Bayard, 1869-1950
Extent: 53.25 Linear feet
Abstract: Natalie Bayard Brown (1869-1950) was the wife of John Nicholas Brown (1861-1900) and mother of John Nicholas Brown (1900-1979), members of the prominent Brown family of Providence, Rhode Island. The papers reflect Natalie Bayard Brown's interests in politics and charitable causes through correspondence with family and friends, writings and speeches, scrapbooks, and photographs. The papers contain detailed financial and legal records related to John Nicholas Brown's (1900-1979) large inheritance from his father and uncle, Harold Brown. The papers also hold travel diaries and photographs from Natalie Bayard Brown and John Nicholas Brown's (1900-1979) travels in Europe, Asia, and Middle East.
Language of materials: English
Repository: John Hay Library , Special Collections
Collection number: Ms.2007.011

Scope & content

The Natalie Bayard Brown (1869 - 1950) papers span approximately seventy-three years from 1877 to the death of Natalie Bayard Brown in 1950. The majority of the collection material encompasses the years 1897 and 1950. The collection consists of manuscripts, typescripts, bound manuscript volumes, travel diaries, books, pamphlets, newspapers, newspaper clippings, bills, canceled checks, financial statements, legal papers, writings, speeches, scrapbooks, photographs, blueprints and a few architectural drawings. The volume of the collection spans approximately thirty-nine linear feet. The collection was organized by content and date.

This collection includes correspondence received and sent regarding Natalie Bayard Brown’s engagement, wedding and death. Correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and family members can be found in this collection. The correspondence Natalie Bayard Brown received from her son is quite extensive, whereas the correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and other members of her family is limited. The correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and her grandchildren is restricted.

Natalie Bayard Brown was a staunch and important supporter of Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Newport, Rhode Island. Her participation in the Emmanuel Church community is documented in correspondence, writings and speeches, clippings, and photographs. Natalie Bayard Brown donated a great deal of her personal time to various civic organizations. Information regarding the Newport Civic League and the Newport School Committee, in particular, is found in correspondence, writings and speeches, scrapbooks, clippings, and photographs. Detailed information regarding all charitable contributions is found among the Federal tax return documents.

Correspondence concerning Natalie Bayard Brown’s various memberships as well as her real estate holdings and purchases is located in the correspondence series. Natalie Bayard Brown owned rental properties in Newport; documentation for these properties includes blueprints and architectural drawings. Information concerning the purchase of the Dickey Estate, the building of Harbour Court, and Harbour Court renovations can be found in Series 3. Legal, Subseries C. Newport properties. Additional documentation regarding Natalie Bayard Brown’s Boston property, 181 Commonwealth Ave., is located in Series 1. Correspondence, Subseries L. Real estate, and Series 3. Legal, Subseries D. Boston property.

Natalie Bayard Brown, as an active member of the Democratic Party and President of the Women’s Democratic Club of Newport, corresponded with leading party officials. Enthusiastically, she supported the candidacy of Al Smith in 1928 and Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. She actively campaigned for both presidential candidates and for Theodore Francis Green in his several bids for governor. In addition to political correspondence, the papers of Natalie Bayard Brown contain political writings and speeches, political scrapbooks, and an abundance of political newspapers and newspaper clippings.

Due to her position as guardian for her son, John Nicholas Brown, Natalie Bayard Brown corresponded with the President of Brown University, Dr. Faunce, regarding the business of the John Carter Brown Library. She frequently corresponded with the Brown Family’s financial advisors, George and Frank Matteson. 50 South Main Street Correspondence dated 1900 - 1903 are Natalie Bayard Brown’s personal files and contain originals from 50 South Main Street attached to Natalie Bayard Brown’s copies of correspondence sent. Correspondence 1903 - 1933 are original office files kept at 50 South Main Street. It contains copies, often on extremely thin rolls of onionskin, faded and difficult to read at times attached to Natalie Bayard Brown’s original correspondence.

The financial records of Natalie Bayard Brown are extensive and provide a wealth of information regarding her investments, trust income, and personal expenses. Included in the personal expenses are accounts payable, accounts receivable, canceled checks, check registers, bank vouchers, statement sheets and information regarding the NBB special account and the Harbour Court Account. The canceled checks have been retained. Unfortunately, all of the registers for the NBB special account are missing. The legal papers of Natalie Bayard Brown contain various estate settlements, deeds, agreements, Natalie Bayard Brown’s will, legal council correspondence, and correspondence regarding her estate settlement. The Natalie Bayard Brown estate settlement was handled by her son and executor, John Nicholas Brown, and contains correspondence, bills, receipts, account summaries, settlement agreements and bank statements.

Natalie Bayard Brown was an accomplished traveler and often kept detailed diaries. These ten extensive diaries provide a wealth of information and a great deal of insight into her personality. These diaries detail not only expansive European travel, but also worldwide and nationwide travel. Significantly, Natalie Bayard Brown kept photographic scrapbooks documenting many of her travels. The travel photographs beautifully complement the travel diaries. In addition to keeping travel diaries, Natalie wrote short stories. An effective public speaker, she often penned and delivered speeches to support her causes.

Interestingly, Natalie constructed scrapbooks commemorating important events in her life. She created family scrapbooks, political scrapbooks, civic scrapbooks, a society scrapbook and a postcard scrapbook. Concomitantly, Natalie possessed extensive newspaper clippings. At various times in her life, she subscribed to newspaper clipping services to obtain all of the articles written regarding significant events in her life; for example, her engagement and marriage. She also clipped articles concerning family members, friends, acquaintances, civic organizations, memberships, and church related and political articles. Over the course of her life, Natalie Bayard saved entire newspapers highlighting important and significant current events. Due to her interest in politics, she saved many newspapers commemorating the election and inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. These editions were flat-filed and interleaved with buffered tissue. On several occasions, Natalie Bayard Brown created unique document rolls. These rolls contain newspaper clippings, leaflets, and correspondence that are glued end-on-end. Detailing Newport Civic League activities, these glued documents were probably used as a display and later rolled for storage purposes.

The miscellaneous series of the Natalie Bayard Brown collection contains various pamphlets, address books, an autograph book, John Nicholas Brown’s (1900 - 1979) baby books, a written record of visits paid and received in a bound volume, an obstetrics book from the year 1898, and a 1922 Merrymount Press printed keepsake for Natalie Bayard Brown and Georgette Brown.

Arrangement

The collection was organized by content and date:
  • Series 1. Correspondence
  • Series 2. Financial
  • Series 3. Legal
  • Series 4. Writings and speeches
  • Series 5. Travel
  • Series 6. Scrapbooks
  • Series 7. Clippings
  • Series 8. Photographs
  • Series 9. Artwork
  • Series 10. Miscellaneous
The collection is housed in 46 boxes. Boxes 12 through 43 are oversize boxes that house the following material:
  • Box 12C Folder 1 Correspondence/Family/JNB (1900 - 1979), 1947
  • Box 12C Folder 2 Correspondence/Family/Dresser Susan, 1909
  • Box 12C Folder 3 Correspondence/Civic/Newport Civic League
  • Box 12C Folder 4 Correspondence/Political/Election, 1928
  • Box 12C Folder 5 Correspondence/Brown University/JCB Library, 1900 June Agreement
  • Box 12C Folder 6 Financial/Investments, 1916
  • Box 12C Folder 7 Financial/Personal Expenses/Bills, 1896
  • Box 12C Folder 8 Financial/Personal Expenses/Bills, 1900 May - Aug
  • Box 12C Folder 9 Financial/Personal Expenses/Check Registers, New York Life Insurance and Trust Co., 1893 May - 1894 Apr
  • Box 12C Folder 10 Financial/Personal Expenses/Check Registers, National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1898 October 28 - 1900 March 22
  • Box 12C Folder 11 Financial/Personal Expenses/Check Registers, National Bank of Commerce in New York, 1900 March 28 - November 3
  • Box 13C Folder 1 Correspondence/Emmanuel Church/Testimonial, 1913
  • Box 13C Folder 2 Financial/Trial Balance Book/NBB Special Account, 1919 - 1950
  • Box 13C Folder 3 Miscellaneous/JNB Baby Book
  • Box 14C Folder 1 Financial/Tax Returns, 1917
  • Box 14C Folder 2 Financial/Tax Returns, 1918
  • Box 14C Folder 3 Financial/Tax Returns, 1945
  • Box 14C Folder 4 Financial/Tax Returns, 1946
  • Box 14C Folder 5 Financial/Tax Returns, 1947
  • Box 14C Folder 6 Financial/Tax Returns, 1948
  • Box 14C Folder 7 Financial/Tax Returns, 1949
  • Box 14C Folder 8 Financial/Tax Returns, 1950
  • Box 14C Folder 9 Financial/Tax Returns, 1950 Estate
  • Box 14C Folder 10 Financial/Tax Returns, 1951 Estate
  • Box 15C Scrapbooks/Family Brown, 1900 - 1909
  • Box 16C Scrapbooks/Family Brown, 1910 - 1931
  • Box 17C Scrapbooks/Family/Friends and Acquaintances, 1882
  • Box 18C Scrapbooks/Civic/Newport Civic League, 1905 - 1914
  • Box 19C Scrapbooks/Civic/Newport Civic League, Child Welfare Exhibit
  • Box 20C Folder 1 Scrapbooks/Membership Women's Foreign Missionary Society
  • Box 20C Folder 2 Miscellaneous/Published Book/A Manual of Obstetrics
  • Box 21C Scrapbooks/Postcards
  • Box 22C Folder 1 Clippings/Engagement and Wedding
  • Box 22C Folder 2 Clippings/Family/Dresser
  • Box 22C Folder 3 Clippings/Family/Brown
  • Box 22C Folder 4 Clippings/Miscellaneous
  • Box 23C V.1 Cash Book, 1901 - 1913
  • Box 23C V.2 Cash Book, 1914 - 1921
  • Box 24X V.3 Cash Book, 1922 - 1926
  • Box 24X V.4 Cash Book, 1927 - 1931
  • Box 25X V.5 Cash Book, 1932 - 1938
  • Box 25X V.6 Cash Book, 1939 - 1950
  • Box 25X V.7 Ledger Book, 1923 - 1937
  • Box 26X Folder 1 Correspondence/Wedding, Illuminated Marriage Certificate
  • Box 27X Folder 1 Correspondence/Family/JNB (1900 - 1979)
  • Box 27X Folder 2 Correspondence/Family/Dresser, Viscountess d'Osmoy
  • Box 27X Folder 3 Legal/Newport Properties, Harbour Court Bills, 1905 - 1907
  • Box 27X Folder 4 Legal/Newport Properties, Wellington Ave extension, Blueprint
  • Box 27X Folder 5 Legal/Newport Properties, 33 South Baptist St.
  • Box 28X Folder 1 Scrapbooks/Political
  • Box 29X Folder 1 Clippings/Family/JNB (1900 - 1979)
  • Box 29X Folder 2 Clippings/Family/JNB (1900 - 1979)
  • Box 29X Folder 3 Clippings/Political, FDR
  • Box 29X Folder 4 Clippings/Political
  • Box 29X Folder 5 Clippings/Miscellaneous
  • Box 29X Folder 6 Miscellaneous/Magazines/Today's Housewife, 1924 Feb
  • Box 29X Folder 6 Miscellaneous/Magazines/Today's Housewife, 1924 Mar
  • Box 30XX Folder 1 Artwork/NBB/Painted glass transfer prints (five)
  • Box 30XX Folder 2 Artwork/NBB/Landscape (with matte)
  • Box 30XX Folder 3 Artwork/NBB/Landscape (with matte)
  • Box 30XX Folder 4 Artwork/NBB/Landscape (with matte)
  • Box 30XX Folder 5 Artwork/NBB/Landscape (with matte)
  • Box 30XX Folder 6 Artwork/JNB (1900-1979)/Childhood artwork (six)
  • Box 30XX Folder 7 Artwork/Daniel LeRoy Dresser/Watercolor sketches (thirteen), circa 1890s
  • Box 30XX Folder 8 Artwork/Susan, Viscountess d'Osmoy/Pom-Pom, NBB's poodle
  • Box 30XX Folder 9 Artwork/George Merrill/Horizon of a city viewed from the waterfront
  • Box 31XX Folder 1 Correspondence/Emmanuel Church/Architectural drawing
  • Box 31XX Folder 2 Legal/NBB Estate Settlement Worksheet
  • Box 31XX Folder 3 Clippings/Family/Brown, 1804 ed. Poulson's
  • Box 32XX Clippings/Newport Daily News
  • Box 32XX Clippings/Newport Herald editions
  • Box 33XX Clippings/New York Times, News Tribune, Providence; Providence Journal; Providence Evening Bulletin; Boston Herald; Boston Evening Transcript; Boston Chronicle
  • Box 34XX Clippings/The Sunday Star, Washington; Washington Herald; Washington Post; Washington Times; Baltimore Evening Sun; New York Herald Tribune.
  • Box 35C Family and Friends, circa 1900 (picture Mrs. de Heredia)
  • Box 36C Family, Emmanuel, Harbour Court, Friends, 1903 - 1907
  • Box 36C Family, 1904
  • Box 37C Family, 1910
  • Box 37C Family and Travel, circa 1910
  • Box 38C Civic- USS Newport, 1943 August 15
  • Box 39C Folder 1 Travel/Europe and Home, 1905 - 1915, Italy
  • Box 39C Folder 2 Travel/France 1908 - Coronation, 1911, France 1911-12
  • Box 39C Folder 3 Travel/US and Canada, 1913 - 1925
  • Box 40C Folder 1 Travel/Japan, 1919
  • Box 40C Folder 2 Travel/Japan, 1919
  • Box 41C Folder 1 Travel/France, 1920
  • Box 41C Folder 2 Travel/Spain, 1922
  • Box 41C Folder 3 Travel/Palestine, 1923
  • Box 41C Folder 4 Travel/Sicily/Italy, 1923
  • Box 41C Folder 5 Travel/Egypt, 1923
  • Box 42C Folder 1 Travel/Europe, 1927
  • Box 42C Folder 2 Travel/Iolanda Cruise 1929 (Greece)
  • Box 43C Folder 1 Travel/Iolanda Cruise, 1929 (Greece)
  • Box 43C Folder 2 Travel/Iolanda Cruise, 1929 (Greece)
  • Box 43C Folder 3 Travel/Florida, Bermuda, California 1932-1938
  • Box 43C Folder 4 Travel/Europe, 1938

Biographical Note

Born on May 12, 1869, to Major George Warren Dresser and Susan Fish LeRoy, Natalie Bayard Brown was a descendent of Peter Stuyvesant and Col. Nicholas Fish, a Revolutionary War veteran. Due to the death of their parents in 1883, Natalie and her siblings were raised in Newport by their maternal grandparents, Susan Elizabeth (Fish) and Daniel LeRoy. As a young lady, Natalie Bayard Dresser studied at private schools and was a popular member of Newport and New York Society. She attended numerous weddings, and was a bridesmaid on more than one occasion. In 1889, she was the maid of honor at her brother’s wedding.

Following the death of her grandmother, Susan Elizabeth LeRoy, in 1892, Natalie received an inheritance. This inheritance allowed Natalie and her sisters to reside in a Paris apartment on the Rue de Vernat. Her affairs at home were managed by her brother. She returned home from Paris in 1897, and her engagement to John Nicholas Brown (1861-1900) was announced shortly thereafter. President of the Lonsdale Company from 1893 to his death in 1900, John Nicholas Brown was the son of John Carter Brown and Sophia Augusta Brown, and grandson of Nicholas Brown. A well liked gentleman, John Nicholas was known for his generous contributions to a variety of religious, civic and charitable organizations.

The wedding took place at noon at Trinity Church in Newport, Rhode Island on September 8, 1897. Wearing a white satin dress and lace veil with diamonds, Natalie carried a prayer book and walked down the isle on the arm of her brother, Daniel LeRoy Dresser, to the wedding march of Mendelssohn. The church was decorated with white roses and lily of the valley, and the Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter officiated, assisted by Rev. George J. Magill of Trinity Church, the Rev. E.H. Porter of Emmanuel Church, and the Rev. C. L. Richards of St. John’s Church of Providence. The reception and wedding breakfast were given by Mrs. Edward King at her home overlooking Narragansett Bay.

Following an extended honeymoon vacation in Europe, the couple set up a residence in Providence at 35 Brown Street. They summered in Newport, renting the Fearing Cottage, and in 1899, they moved to 931 Fifth Avenue in New York City. On February 22, 1900, a son was born to the delighted couple, and he was named after his father. Tragedy fell upon the family when John Nicholas Brown passed away in May 1900. Following the death of her husband, Natalie Bayard Brown returned to Rhode Island, and in the summer of 1900, her infant son was christened at Emmanuel Church, sponsored by his aunt Pauline Merrill and uncle William Watts Sherman.

The untimely deaths of John Nicholas Brown and his brother Harold Brown resulted in the culmination of wealth in the person of Natalie’s young son, John Nicholas. The inheritance was organized into trusts, the John Nicholas Brown, Minor trust and the John Nicholas Brown under will trust. The money, stocks, bonds and real estate holdings of the trusts originated from the Estate of John Carter Brown. The under will trust provided for Natalie, she was a beneficiary and received a dower. The minor trust was used to support, nurture and maintain her son, John Nicholas. The lion’s share of the wealth was concentrated in the minor account. Three advisors for each trust were appointed, and Natalie Bayard was designated guardian. Due to her position as guardian, Natalie Bayard was apprised of all transactions regarding the accounts. She was often included in the decision-making and informed of investment purchases, sales and strategies. Due to the provisions of the minor account, Probate Court was petitioned to approve or deny the sale of trust assets. Natalie’s attorney, William Sheffield of Newport, handled all of the petitions to the probate court, while George and Frank Matteson managed the investment portfolios for the various trusts.

The financial intricacies of the trusts and estates were managed by the Matteson family. Not speculative by nature, George and his son, Frank, invested in municipal bonds, blue chip stocks, real estate and mortgages. Presumably for accounting and tax purposes, special accounts were established. The Natalie Bayard Brown special account was managed by Frank Matteson at 50 South Main Street and Rhode Island Trust Bank. This account was used to pay for Emmanuel Church in Newport, various insurances, automobile purchases, taxes, investments and legal expenses. The Harbour Court Account was established to provide for the upkeep, maintenance and various improvements to Harbour Court after John Nicholas Brown reached his majority in 1925. The under will trust ended in 1925 and the minor trust was dissolved on John Nicholas Brown’s 21st birthday.

As guardian, Natalie Bayard Brown was an integral part of the family business until John Nicholas Brown reached his majority in 1921. At times, she assumed the role of director, board member or committee member of the following family businesses: Brown Land Company, Narragansett Land Company, Weybosset Land Company, and the Counting House Corporation. She was apprised of meetings, attended when necessary and at times voiced her opinion regarding certain capital development projects. She was very much interested in the construction of Turk’s Head and the renovations of the Counting House.

A very protective and loving mother, Natalie tried her best to shelter her son from harm, escaping to Europe when threats were made on his life and when pressure from the press was overwhelming. Due to his position and wealth, Natalie provided her son with the best of everything: housing, transportation, recreation, personal physicians, tutors and nannies. Overlooking Newport Harbour, the Dickey Estate was purchased in 1903 for Master John Nicholas, and Harbour Court was built on its grounds. Camp Yawgoo was acquired for his recreation in 1913. Young John Nicholas loved the sea and sailing, so his mother provided him with appropriate yachting vessels. An often-sickly child, Natalie tried to protect him as much as possible and hired a personal physician, Dr. Day to accompany them while traveling.

As a young child, John Nicholas Brown accompanied his mother abroad frequently. They spent a great deal of time in Europe, and especially in France where Natalie Bayard’s sister, Susan, the Vicountess d’Osmoy resided. They traveled extensively throughout Europe by automobile and train visiting famous and not-so-famous locations. On a trip to London in 1911, Natalie was present at the coronation ceremonies of George V and Queen Mary. Natalie was a seasoned traveler. She enjoyed socializing with upper class Europeans and visiting with friends and relatives. She appreciated the arts, and saw natural beauty wherever she traveled. She loved to shop, but hated the customs agents and had a real disdain for American importation regulations. In one instance, she tried to order bulbs but was told that since June there had been a new law prohibiting their importation into the USA. Another example of the freedom of my native land. Surely there is no country less free, we may not drink what we want, nor grow in our gardens what we want nor import sheep from other countries, these are only a few of the myriad annoyances connected with living in a Free? Country!

When travel to Europe was interrupted during the First World War, Natalie and her family traveled across the country by train and wintered in Pasadena, California. En route to California via the southern rail, they stopped and visited many of the cities and towns along the way. In search of natural beauty, Natalie and her traveling companions visited the Painted Desert, Petrified Forest, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon. In writing about the vastness and grandeur of the Grand Canyon, Natalie exclaimed, "words can not describe the beauty."

After the world war, Natalie resumed travel abroad, but this time taking it to a new level. Natalie and John Nicholas became worldwide travelers, and visited many exotic and little known places. In 1919, they departed for an extensive trip to Japan, where they spent the summer of 1919. Natalie admired many aspects of Japanese culture and society. She was quite impressed with its cleanliness, beauty, artwork, silk and gardens. In 1923, the Brown family departed for a Nile River journey. The paddle wheel ship, approximately 100 feet long, was specially outfitted to accommodate the height of the family members. On January 24, 1923, they witnessed the excavation of the Tomb of Tutankhamen led by Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvan, and actually saw items being removed from the tomb.

"...It was a thrilling hour spent beside this ancient Tomb realizing that we were looking at objects which had been buried for 3600 years, and were now being taken out in tact. ...They have only opened the first chamber and expect marvels from those beyond."

After the conclusion of the Nile River trip, the party departed for Palestine and visited the Holy Land. Natalie took communion near the site of the last supper, a very emotional experience for her. On the road to Calvary, Natalie exclaimed, "I felt as I stopped at each station of the Cross that I was truly doing a Lenten pilgrimage..." They visited all of the traditional Christian holy spots as well as the Jewish and Arab sacred areas. In 1929, Natalie and her traveling companions left New York bound for Europe, the Greek Islands and Turkey. In Athens, they saw the Acropolis and Parthenon. "One is too awed to speak at first by the overpowering feeling of the ages that have rolled by since that early civilization," commented Natalie.

With the collapse of the world financial markets and the rise of fascism and Nazism, Natalie turned her attention away from world travel and focused upon local activities and politics. In 1928, she campaigned and was an elector for Democratic candidate, Al Smith. During the campaign, Natalie frequently spoke at rallies on behalf of Smith and of her brother-in-law, Senator Peter Gerry. At a Democratic mass meeting at Machinists Hall, in which 1,500 people attended, Natalie Bayard Brown, as President of the local Women’s Smith for President Club, spoke:

"I want to tell you my friends, that I was born a Democrat. I may not have appreciated that responsibility at that time as I do now. My father was a Democrat before me. My grandfather and grandmother unfortunately were not so well brought up as I - they were Republicans..."

Although the election results were a disappointment, Natalie hosted a roast duckling dinner and entertained the Democratic workers who had toiled so hard on the election. The affair was held at the Viking Hotel in Newport, and Natalie, as toastmaster, proposed a toast for the health and success of the Democratic Party.

In 1929, the Newport County Women’s Democratic Club was founded and Natalie Bayard Brown was unanimously elected President. Speaking at the first meeting of the club in December 1929, Natalie expressed her belief that there was much to be accomplished and her hopes that all would be loyal to the party, the country and each other: "our watch words should be confidence, cooperation and loyalty," she said. In 1930, she became the first woman to serve on a jury in Newport County. During the election of 1932, Natalie supported the candidacy of Theodore Francis Green for Governor of Rhode Island and Franklin D. Roosevelt for President. After the election, she was appointed by Governor Green as a member of a five-person task force to study legislation for controlling the problems associated with prohibition. In the years that followed, Natalie’s enthusiasm for politics waned, and she became disillusioned with the Roosevelt administration in 1937 after the Court Packing scheme became widely known.

Although Natalie Bayard Brown became disenchanted with politics during the 1930s, she remained loyal to her country and enthusiastically supported the war effort of the 1940s. As a member and President of the Maple Leaf Club, she worked with other Newport women to knit sweaters, hats and mittens for the armed services. During the war, Natalie Bayard Brown was chair of the Women’s Committee for the Council of National Defense. In 1943, Natalie and her family traveled to Superior, Wisconsin, to christen the new navy frigate U.S.S. Newport.

An influential member of Newport society, Natalie Bayard Brown was interested in the well-being of Newport. The Civic League of Newport was founded in 1905 at the home of Miss Elizabeth Swinburne "to create a higher public opinion, to promote a better social order, to further municipal improvement." Natalie Bayard Brown served as its President from 1912 to 1922. During her tenure as President, the Newport chapter of the Civic league sponsored a civic welfare exhibit and rally at Rogers High School. These women championed the well-being of mothers and children, promoted the building of playgrounds, and the tending of school and home gardens. Natalie was proud of the accomplishments of the Civic League. Throughout her travels, Natalie assessed whether the areas she visited would benefit from the actions of a civic league. In 1915, while visiting New Orleans, she exclaimed, "...the only impression which remained was that the place must have been visited recently by an earthquake...no extraordinary revolt of nature produced it, just slovenly lack of civic pride and order the result of years of neglect and southern shiftlessness..."

Throughout her lifetime, Natalie was a member of many organizations and clubs. In addition to the Civic League, she was active within the community as a member of the Newport School Committee. She was President of the Newport Art Association, where her paintings—a product of her hobby and passion—were exhibited in 1947. She belonged to the Women’s Foreign Missionary Society, of which she was chair of the Jubilee held in Newport on March 21, 1911. She participated in the Providence Female Charitable Society and was an honorary member of the Rhode Island Association for the Blind. While residing in California, she joined the Pasadena Music and Art Association. Influenced by her interest in family history and genealogy, Natalie became a member of Society of Colonial Dames and the Knights of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.

During the course of her lifetime, Natalie was a devoted member of Emmanuel Episcopal Church. She paid for the construction of the new stone church in 1901-1902 in memory of her late husband. An active member of the parish community, Natalie purchased many of the interior furnishings. At the conclusion of World War I, Natalie donated a set of paintings to the church. In her will, she left to the Parish some property and a trust whose income was to be used for maintenance, as well as a $20,000 bequest for maintenance of the choir. In 1925, she was a delegate to the Episcopal National Convention held in New Orleans. She took extensive notes during the course of the convention and reported the results of the convention to the Episcopal community of Newport.

After a yearlong illness, Natalie Bayard Brown passed away on March 27, 1950, at Harbour Court. A long time resident of Newport and a pillar of the community, Natalie was a respected member of Newport’s fashionable and elite society. Perhaps best remembered for her construction of Emmanuel Church, her Democratic Party campaigning, and her work with the Newport Civic League, above all Natalie was a loving wife, mother, and devoted grandmother.

Biographical outline

Date

Event

1869 May 12

Birth of Natalie Bayard Dresser.

1883 April 4

Death of Susan Fish Dresser, mother of Natalie.

1883 May 27

Death of Major George Warren Dresser, father of Natalie.

1885 - 1886

Attended Mrs. Gilliat’s School in Newport.

1885 October 7

Attended the wedding and reception of Sophia Augusta Brown and William Watts Sherman.

1889

Maid of Honor at the wedding of Daniel LeRoy Dresser and Emma Burnham.

1894 - 1896

Rented an apartment in Paris with sisters.

1897 August

Engagement to John Nicholas Brown (1861 - 1900).

1897 September 8

Wedding and reception.

1897 - 1898

Honeymoon in Europe.

1898

Member of the Providence Female Charitable Society.

1898

Residence at 35 Brown Street, Providence.

1899

Rental, Fearing Cottage, Newport.

1899 November

Residence at 931 Fifth Ave., New York City.

1900 February 22

Birth of John Nicholas Brown (1900 - 1979).

1900 May 1

Death of John Nicholas Brown (1861 - 1900).

1901 - 1902

Construction of Emmanuel Church.

1902

Daniel LeRoy Dresser’s bankruptcy.

1903

Daniel LeRoy Dresser’s resignation as trustee.

1903

Purchase Dickey Estate.

1904 - 1905

Harbour Court construction.

1908 February 17

Depart for Europe/Italy motor tour.

1909 June 30

Depart for Europe/Germany motor tour.

1909 September

Visit sister, Susan, in France.

1911 May 29

Depart for Europe.

1911 June 23

See Coronation.

1911 July

Visit sister, Susan, in France.

1911

Building of Turks Head Building, Providence.

1911

Music Room addition to Harbour Court.

1912 October

Natalie Bayard Brown and Georgette Brown travel with Frank Matteson to visit western lands.

1912 - 1922

President of the Newport Civic League.

1913 January

Rhode Island Child Welfare Conference and Exhibit.

1914

Federal Taxes protest.

1914 December 29

Depart for western United States tour.

1915 January 10

Visit the Rio Grande.

1915 January 11

Visit the Painted Desert and Petrified Forest.

1915 January 13

Visit the Grand Canyon and drive along the rim.

1915 January 18

See the San Diego Exposition.

1915 January 20

Visit Tia Juana, Mexico-Customs incident.

1915 April 26

Visit Yosemite.

1915 April 30

Leave Yosemite.

1915 December 24

Christmas at Biltmore, NC.

1915 December 28

Black and White dress ball at Ashville.

1915 December 31

Visit New Orleans.

1915 - 1921

Director of the Brown Land Company with Frank W. Matteson and Robert H. Ives Goddard, Jr.

1916 January 5

Arrive in Pasadena, California.

1918

War effort, tax increases.

1919 June 24

Depart for Japan via Vancouver.

1919 July 11

Set sail on the Empress Asia.

1919 July 22

Reach Japan.

1919 August 5

Kyoto, visit Mr. Yamanaka.

1919 September 13

Leave Japan on Empress of Russia.

1920

Visit France.

1921 February 22

End guardianship of minor account.

1922 November 26

Visit Spain.

1923

Honorary member of the Rhode Island Association for the Blind.

1923 January 2

Left France for the Nile River Egyptian cruise.

1923 January 24

Valley of the Kings, visit Tomb of Tutankhamen, see excavation.

1923 February 21

Visit Cairo, see the Sphinx.

1923 March 1

Depart for Palestine.

1923 March 2

Visit Jerusalem, Mt. Olives, Wailing Wall.

1923 March 5

Visit Mt. Calvary.

1923 March 7

Visit Nazareth.

1923 March 14

Return to the Nile, bound for Sicily.

1923 April 8

Naples.

1923 April 13

Visit Mt. Vesuvius.

1923 April 16

Visit Rome.

1923 April 26

Leave Rome.

1923 April 28

Depart for Florence.

1923 May 11

To Bologna.

1923 May 14

Visit Venice.

1925 February

Settlement of John Nicholas Brown estate, end of trust under will.

1925 October

Delegate to the National Episcopal Convention, New Orleans.

1927

Settlement of Mlle. Rambaud’s estate.

1927 Jun

Summer in Europe.

1927

Purchase 181 Commonwealth Ave., Boston.

1927

Renovate 181 Commonwealth Ave.

1928

Elector for Al Smith.

1928

President Women’s Smith for President Club.

1928 November 1

Rally speech at Democratic Party mass meeting.

1928 November 20

Democratic workers entertained at the Viking Hotel in Newport.

1929 March 16

Depart for Europe and Greece.

1929 March 22

Paris, lying in state of Marshall Foche.

1929 March 26

Funeral of Marshall Foche.

1929 April 15

On board the Steam Yacht Iolanda.

1929 April 21

Visit the Acropolis, Athens.

1929 May 19

Depart for Crete.

1929 May 22

Visit Rhodes.

1929 May 24

Visit Cyprus.

1929 June 4

Visit Turkey, Customs difficulties.

1929 June 16

Leave Constantinople.

1929 June 28

Visit Bocca, Yugoslavia.

1929 July 3

Visit Trieste and to Venice.

1929 July 16

Left Venice and depart for Paris.

1929 August 15

Visit Plessis and Cluny.

1929 August 25

Visit London for three weeks.

1929 November

Elected President Newport Country Women’s Democratic Club.

1931 Mar

Visit California.

1932 Jan

Visit Paris.

1932 September 21

Elected Delegate to State Convention.

1932

Supports candidacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Theodore Francis Green.

1934 - 1937

Member Newport School Committee.

1940 - 1945

Member Maple Leaf Club.

1943 August 15

Christening of the USS Newport in Superior, WI.

1950 March 27

Death of Natalie Bayard Brown.


Access & Use

Access to the collection: Correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and her grandchildren is RESTRICTED and cannot be viewed. The non-restricted portion of the papers can be seen by prior appointment. Materials may be stored off-site and cannot be produced on the same day on which they are requested.
Use of the materials: All researchers seeking to publish materials from the collections of the John Hay Library are requested to complete a Notice of Intent to Publish, prior to reproducing, quoting, or otherwise publishing any portion or extract from this collection. Although Brown University has physical ownership of the collection and the materials contained therein, it does not claim literary rights. It is up to the researcher to determine the owners of the literary rights and to obtain any necessary permissions from them.
Preferred citation: Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Ms.2007.011, Brown University Library.
Contact information: John Hay Library , Special Collections
Box A
Brown University
Providence, RI 02912
Tel: 401-863-2146
email: hay@brown.edu

Administrative Information

ABOUT THE COLLECTION  
Acquisition: The Natalie Bayard Brown papers were donated to the John Nicholas Brown Center, Brown University, by the heirs of John Nicholas Brown in 1992. The papers were rehoused and transferred from the John Nicholas Brown Center to the Brown University Library in 2006.
ABOUT THE FINDING AID  
Author: Finding aid prepared by Catherine Osborne DeCesare, August 1995
Encoding: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-11-15
Revisions:

2006 November 29

  • Finding aid revised by Jennifer Betts
  • Additional Information

    Related material: The Brown University Library is the repository for several collections related to the Brown family and their businesses that are accessible through Josiah, including: John Nicholas Brown I (1861-1900) papers, Ms. 2007.010 John Nicholas Brown II (1900-1979) papers, Ms.2007.012
    Alternative guide: Repository catalog record for this collection: Natalie Bayard Brown papers
    Bibliography:
  • Elliott, Maud Howe. This Was My Newport. Massachusetts: The Mythology Company, 1944.
  • Franklin, Ruth. A Short History of the Civic League of Newport, Inc. 1905 – 1940. Newport, Rhode Island: Franklin Printing House, 1941.
  • Journal of the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America Held in the City of New Orleans...1925. New York: The Abbott Press, 1926.
  • Levine, Erwin L. Theodore Francis Green, The Rhode Island Years, 1906 – 1936. Providence, Rhode Island: Brown University Press, 1963.
  • "Mrs. Nicholas Brown Dead; Funeral Service Tomorrow," Providence Journal, 29 March 1950, Sunday edition.
  • Sherman, Anne. The History of Emmanuel Church, Newport, Rhode Island.
  • Inventory


    Series 1. Correspondence, 1897-1950
    This series contains correspondence received and sent, the majority of which is correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and members of her immediate family: her son, daughter-in-law, and grandchildren. There is surprisingly little correspondence from friends, acquaintances and siblings. Likewise, there is limited correspondence concerning Natalie’s charitable contributions, church related topics, civic responsibilities, memberships, political activities, Brown University, real estate holdings and purchases. There is a significant amount of correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and her financial advisors at 50 South Main Street. Due to the unique and familiar relationship between Natalie Bayard Brown and George and Frank Matteson, this correspondence details investment strategies in addition to a great deal of personal information.

    Subseries A. Engagement
    On the event of her engagement to John Nicholas Brown in August 1897, Natalie Bayard Brown received an abundance of congratulatory notes and hearty well wishes. A popular member of Newport and New York society, Natalie Bayard Brown returned from Paris at the time her engagement was announced, and partook in the Newport summer season.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings

    Container Description Date
    Box 1, Folder 1 Correspondence
    1897 August 5-7, undated
    Box 1, Folder 2 Correspondence
    1897 August 8-9
    Box 1, Folder 3 Correspondence
    1897 August 9
    Box 1, Folder 4 Correspondence
    1897 August 10-11
    Box 1, Folder 5 Correspondence
    1897 August 12-14
    Box 1, Folder 6 Correspondence
    1897 August 15-19
    Box 1, Folder 7 Correspondence
    1897 August
    Box 1, Folder 8 Correspondence
    1897 August 20-24
    Box 1, Folder 9 Correspondence
    1897 August 26-September 23

    Subseries B. Wedding
    Following a month long engagement, the couple was married at Trinity Church in Newport on September 8, 1897. A wedding breakfast reception followed at the home of Natalie’s maternal aunt, Mrs. Augusta King. The newlyweds then traveled to Europe for an extended vacation. This subseries contains many congratulatory telegrams as well as a guest list and gift register.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 2. Financial, Subseries C. Personal Expenses, Bills, for trousseau purchases, receipt for wedding gown included.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs, for wedding photographs.

    Container Description Date
    Box 1, Folder 10 Telegrams
    1897
    Box 1, Folder 11 Guest Lists, Gift Register
    1897
    Box 1, Folder 12 Invitations
    1897
    Box 1, Folder 13 Guest Lists
    1897
    Box 26X, Folder 1 Illuminated Marriage Certificate
    1897

    Subseries C. Death
    Natalie Bayard Brown died at her home, Harbour Court, on March 27, 1950. On the advent of her death, her son, John Nicholas Brown, received numerous sympathy letters, notes, telegrams, and cards from family, friends, business associates and political leaders. This subseries contains details regarding the funeral in addition to several obituaries. On April 3, 1950, the Rhode Island General Assembly issued a resolution to commemorate the life of Natalie Bayard Brown, and to offer condolences to her son, John Nicholas Brown.

    Subseries D. Family
    This subseries contains correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and members of her immediate family: John Nicholas Brown (1861 - 1900); John Nicholas Brown (1900 - 1979); Anne S.K. Brown; Nicholas Brown; John Carter Brown III; Angela Bayard Brown; the Brown Family; and the Dresser Family.

    Subseries E. Friends and acquaintances
    This very small subseries contains correspondence from a few friends and acquaintances of Natalie Bayard Brown from 1897 - 1937, and includes some undated correspondence.

    Container Description Date
    Box 2, Folder 43-45 Friends and acquaintances
    1897-1937

    Subseries F. John Carter Brown Library, 1904-1923, undated
    This subseries contains correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown, George Parker Winship, President Faunce of Brown University, and other members of the John Carter Brown library committee. Included are library annual reports, which detail expenses, income, book purchases, donations, and a copy of the formal agreement between Brown University and the John Carter Brown Library. Correspondence also exists regarding the alterations to the library in 1912 and the Librarian controversy. It details Winship’s resignation, Mr. Champlin Burrage’s brief tenure as librarian, and the hiring of Lawrence C. Wroth. Natalie was a member of the Committee of Management of the library along with President Faunce, D.B. Updike, and Col. Goddard until his death in 1916. Natalie Bayard Brown, wintering in Pasadena, California during the war years, was kept apprised of the library situation, via the post.

    Container Description Date
    Box 2, Folder 46 Correspondence - JCB Library
    undated
    Box 12C, Folder 5 Agreement
    1900 June
    Box 2, Folder 47 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1904-1909
    Box 2, Folder 48 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1910-1911
    Box 2, Folder 49 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1912-1913
    Box 2, Folder 50 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1915
    Box 2, Folder 51 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1915
    Box 2, Folder 52 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1916
    Box 2, Folder 53 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1917-1921
    Box 2, Folder 54 Correspondence - JCB Library
    1922-1923

    Subseries G. Brown University
    In 1903, Natalie Bayard Brown contracted the Norcross Brothers Co., to build the John Nicholas Brown Gate at Brown University. The gate was designed by the Architectural firm of Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge of Boston. This subseries consists of correspondence from the contractors, architects and an official thank you letter from President Faunce.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs

    Subseries H. Charitable
    This small subseries consists of a variety of charitable endeavors embarked upon by Natalie Bayard Brown. During her travels throughout Japan, Natalie hired a guide. She met his family, stayed in touch with them, and sponsored the education of his daughter, Hama, who was born with a disability. Natalie funded St. Dunstan’s School in Providence, and donated bear cubs to Roger Williams Park Zoo. Particularly fascinating are letters from Frau Kund to Natalie Bayard Brown. At various times, Natalie assisted Frau Kund in securing employment as a nanny. In 1938, Frau Kund asked Natalie for money so she could return to Germany. Her sons were enthusiastic supporters of the Nazi Party, and needed genealogical verification of lineage. She was panic stricken because she just found out that her grandfather was a Jew and she didn’t know how to tell her sons. So she wanted to return to Germany in order to explain the situation to them and to Hitler.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 2. Financial, Subseries D. Tax returns

    Subseries I. Church, 1902-1941, undated
    This subseries contains a history of Emmanuel Church, Newport Rhode Island. Written by Anne Sherman, this pamphlet and typescript copy detail Natalie Bayard Brown’s contributions to the building, refurbishing and decorating of Emmanuel Church. Also contained within this subseries is correspondence regarding the General Episcopal Convention of 1925 in which Natalie Bayard Brown was a delegate along with her son, John Nicholas Brown.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 4. Writings and speeches.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings.

    Container Description Date
    Box 3, Folder 6 History
    Box 3, Folder 7 General Correspondence
    1902-1941, undated
    Box 45, Folder 3 Consecration
    1902
    Box 45, Folder 4 Gifts to Emmanuel Church
    1902-1931
    Box 3, Folder 8 Specifications
    1902
    Box 3, Folder 9 Specifications
    1902
    Box 3, Folder 10 Contracts
    1902
    Box 45, Folder 2 Parish House
    1909-1922
    Box 13C, Folder 1 Testimonial
    1913
    Box 31XX, Folder 1 Architectural drawing
    Box 3, Folder 11 Correspondence/General Convention
    1925

    Subseries J. Civic
    Natalie Bayard Brown devoted much of her personal time to promote the betterment of Newport. She was a prominent member of Newport Society and was a life long member of the Civic League. She served as President from 1912 - 1922, and proposed youth involvement and championed rights of mothers and children. She was a member of the Newport School Committee for more than a decade, and always pushed for school improvements.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 4. Writings and speeches.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs

    Subseries K. Memberships, 1940-1945, undated
    Natalie Bayard Brown was a member of a variety of organizations and clubs. She was a life long member and President of the Newport Art Association, where her paintings were exhibited in 1947. While wintering in Pasadena, California, she joined the Pasadena Music and Art Association. She belonged to the Women’s Foreign Missionary Society and the Providence Female Charitable Society. Interested in family history and genealogy, Natalie became a member of the Society of Colonial Dames and the Knights of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. During the war years, she was a member and President of the Maple Leaf Club. This group of dedicated women knitted hats, mittens, and sweaters for servicemen in the United States and Canada. She served as chair of the Women’s Committee for the Council of National Defense throughout the war.

    Container Description Date
    Box 3, Folder 18 Society of Colonial Dames
    Box 3, Folder 18 Knights of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
    Box 3, Folder 19 Maple Leaf Club - Knitting instructions
    Box 3, Folder 20 Maple Leaf Club
    undated
    Box 3, Folder 21-29 Maple Leaf Club
    1940-1945
    Box 3, Folder 30 United States Citizens Defense Corps
    circa 1940-1945
    Box 3, Folder 31 Pasadena Music and Art Assn.
    circa 1916
    Box 3, Folder 32 Women’s Foreign Missionary Society
    circa 1911

    Subseries L. Political
    Natalie Bayard Brown was a prominent member of the Newport County Women’s Democratic Club. Elected club President in 1929, Natalie Bayard Brown wanted to get young people interested in politics and proposed establishing junior branches of the club. She campaigned for Al Smith during the 1928 election. She spoke on behalf on Gov. Smith as well as for her brother-in-law, Peter Gerry, who was running for re-election as senator from Rhode Island. Following the election, Natalie Bayard Brown hosted a Roast Duckling Dinner for all supporters of the campaign. She was elected an elector and on January 2, 1929, at the meeting of the Electoral College at the office of the Secretary of State, she cast her vote for Al Smith. During the election of 1932, Natalie Bayard Brown supported the candidacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and campaigned for Theodore Francis Green. Natalie Bayard Brown was elected delegate to the State convention of the Democratic Party, which was held on October 7, 1932 for the nomination of the candidates for governor and other state offices. Contained within this subseries is correspondence from Rhode Island political leaders: Mortimer Sullivan, Mayor of Newport; Earnest Sprague, Secretary of State; Francis Condon, Congressman; and Theodore Francis Green, Governor. Also contained is a copy of an editorial written by Herbert C. Pell as well as a pamphlet by Pell, The Democratic Case, reprinted from the North American Review, November 1932. Campaign literature from the election of 1928 and 1932 has been preserved in Natalie Bayard Brown’s correspondence.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 4. Writings and speeches.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs

    Container Description Date
    Box 3, Folder 33 Newport County Democratic Club
    Box 3, Folder 34 Election 1928
    1928
    Box 12C, Folder 4 Election 1928
    1928
    Box 3, Folder 35 Election 1928 Campaign Literature
    1928
    Box 3, Folder 36 Election 1932
    1932
    Box 3, Folder 37 Election 1932 Campaign Literature
    1932
    Box 3, Folder 38 Election 1932 Inaugural Program
    1932
    Box 3, Folder 39 Miscellaneous (Immigration, Liquor)

    Subseries M. Real estate
    A resident of Newport, Rhode Island, Natalie Bayard Brown kept her primary residence overlooking Newport Harbor at Harbour Court, presently the home of the New York Yacht Club. Harbour Court was built on the former Dickey Estate, which Natalie Bayard Brown purchased in 1903. Information can be obtained by examining the deeds, titles, contracts, building specifications, and related bills in Series 3. Legal, Subseries C. Newport properties; the funds for building Harbour Court came from the John Nicholas Brown minor account.

    Contained within this subseries is correspondence to and from Natalie Bayard Brown regarding the King lot in Newport on Harrison Ave, and correspondence concerning Newport properties owned by Natalie Bayard Brown as rental properties: 2 Wellington Avenue, a lot at 39 Wellington Avenue, 1 and 5 Marchant Street, 33 South Baptist Street, 417 Spring Street.

    When her son, John Nicholas Brown, enrolled at Harvard, Natalie Bayard Brown resided at 181 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston. She maintained this residence until 1942, dividing her time between Newport and Boston. Contained within this portion of the correspondence are letters between Natalie Bayard Brown and her real estate agents regarding the rental and sale of 181 Commonwealth. Additional correspondence and bills are related to repairs and renovations that took place at this residence.

    In 1913, Natalie Bayard Brown purchased the farm of Henry Thomas located lakeside on Yawgoo Pond in West Kingstown, Rhode Island, for her son. Included with this correspondence is a pen and ink map of the area. Before purchasing this land, Natalie explored the possibility of purchasing other camps for her son, and this correspondence is contained in the correspondence/real estate/miscellaneous file.

    Included within this subseries is correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and the North Burial Ground, Providence. The Brown family burial lot is located at the North Burial Ground, and in 1900, after the death of her husband, Natalie Bayard Brown contacted the Olmsted Brothers to landscape the area. Also contained is correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and J & R Lamb of New York City regarding the monument for her husband.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 2. Financial, C. Personal expenses, 6. NBB Special Account and 7. Harbour Court Account, used to pay the insurance premiums on properties owned by Natalie Bayard Brown.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 3. Legal, Subseries C. Newport properties.

    Container Description Date
    Box 45, Folder 5 Correspondence - NBB with Cram, Goodhue, and Ferguson about Harbour Court
    1903-1906

    Subseries N. 50 South Main Street, 1900-1932
    This subseries contains correspondence between Natalie Bayard Brown and the business office at 50 South Main Street. George Matteson until his death in 1908 and Frank Matteson until his death in 1933 were the principle financial advisors of Natalie following the death of her husband in 1900. They were executors of the various trusts and handled the investments for the trusts. They corresponded frequently with Natalie regarding investment strategies, and notified her when issues arose affecting any of the trusts.

    This correspondence from 1900 through 1903 has been preserved in the form of Natalie Bayard Brown’s personal files. It contains the originals from 50 South Main Street attached to Natalie Bayard Brown’s copies. The correspondence from 1903-1933 are the original office files that were kept at 50 South Main Street. It contains the copies of correspondence from 50 South Main Street attached to Natalie Bayard Brown’s original letters. Unfortunately, Natalie Bayard Brown’s personal files, which should have contained the original correspondence from 50 South Main Street, have not been located.

    See also:

    • 50 South Main Street Trading Syndicate records
    • Estate of John Carter Brown, 50 South Main Street, records
    • Brown Land Company records
    • Counting House Corporation records
    • Narragansett Land Company records
    • Weybosset Land Company records

    Container Description Date
    Box 4, Folder 1-96 Correspondence
    1900-1932

    Subseries O. Purchases
    This small subseries contains Natalie Bayard Brown’s Christmas lists for the years 1903 to 1905. Included on her lists are family members and friends. In 1896, Natalie Bayard Brown purchased a bicycle, from Pexster, Freres, French merchants. The correspondence regarding this purchase is located within this subseries.

    Container Description Date
    Box 5, Folder 1-4 Purchases
    1896-1913

    Series 2. Financial
    This series contains Natalie Bayard Brown’s financial records beginning in 1893 to her death in 1950, but it is by no means complete. Investments, Trust Income, Personal Expenses and Tax returns are represented in this series. Until his death in 1933, Frank Matteson was the personal financial advisor of Natalie Bayard Brown. He handled her accounts and authorized payment of her bills. Natalie’s personal secretary, Miss Charlotte Burleigh took care of the more mundane and routine accounts payable.

    Subseries A. Investments
    This subseries includes correspondence and financial information regarding Natalie Bayard Brown’s investments. Prior to the death of Frank Matteson, all investments were handled by the office at 50 South Main Street. After Matteson’s death, Natalie hired Henry F. Colt as her new advisor. She befriended Bryan Newkirk and heavily invested in his companies: Franco Oils and Vermilion.

    Subseries B. Trust income, 1901-1950
    Cashbooks and a ledger book detail Natalie Bayard Brown’s trust income and all financial transactions. A complete run of Cashbooks exist, beginning in 1901, and end with her death in 1950. A ledger book for the years 1923 to 1937 is also available. Natalie Bayard Brown, as widow of John Nicholas Brown, was a beneficiary of the John Nicholas Brown under will trust. These books were maintained at 50 South Main Street.

    Container Description Date
    Box 23C, Folder 1 Cash Book - Volume 1
    1901-1913
    Box 23C, Folder 2 Cash Book - Volume 2
    1914-1921
    Box 24X, Folder 3 Cash Book - Volume 3
    1922-1926
    Box 24X, Folder 4 Cash Book - Volume 4
    1927-1931
    Box 25X, Folder 5 Cash Book - Volume 5
    1932-1938
    Box 25X, Folder 6 Cash Book - Volume 6
    1939-1950
    Box 25X, Folder 7 Ledger Book - Volume 7
    1923-1937
    Box 5, Folder 19 Dower Interest
    Box 5, Folder 20 Dower Interest

    Subseries C. Personal expenses
    Included in Natalie Bayard Brown’s personal expenses are accounts payable, a limited amount of accounts receivable, canceled checks, check registers, bank statements, balance sheets, vouchers, receipts and details regarding the NBB Special Account and the Harbour Court Account. The NBB Special Account and Harbour Court Account were managed by Frank Matteson at 50 South Main Street. Following Matteson’s death, the accounts were managed by Rhode Island Hospital Trust Bank.

    Subseries D. Tax returns, 1913-1952
    These federal fiscal documents span almost a half a century and in many ways reflect or mirror the fiscal history of the country. In addition to the tax forms, this subseries includes related papers: worksheets, receipts, employee information, real estate holdings, a record of charitable contributions, and tax protests. There is a complete run of federal tax returns, 1913 – 1952, including the settlement of the Natalie Bayard Brown Estate, 1950 - 1952.

    Container Description Date
    Box 7, Folder 26-29 Tax returns
    1913-1916
    Box 14C, Folder 1-2 Tax returns
    1917-1918
    Box 7, Folder 30-50 Tax returns
    1917-1928
    Box 8, Folder 1-32 Tax returns
    1929-1945
    Box 14C, Folder 3-4 Tax returns
    1945-1946
    Box 8, Folder 33-36 Tax returns
    1946-1947
    Box 14C, Folder 5-6 Tax returns
    1947-1948
    Box 8, Folder 37-38 Tax returns
    1948-1949
    Box 14C, Folder 7-8 Tax returns
    1949-1950
    Box 8, Folder 39 Tax returns
    1950
    Box 14C, Folder 9-10 Tax returns - NBB Estate
    1950-1951
    Box 8, Folder 40-42 Tax returns - NBB Estate
    1950-1952

    Series 3. Legal
    This series contains legal documents concerning the settlement of various estates in which Natalie Bayard Brown was either an executrix or beneficiary. Additionally, there are records regarding the legal and financial difficulties of Daniel LeRoy Dresser, various Newport Properties, including Harbour Court, loans, bequests, Natalie Bayard Brown’s will and her estate settlement. Also found in this series are a few miscellaneous contracts, a mortgage deed, a trust indenture and leases for residences in Boston and New York City.

    Subseries A. Estates
    With the death of Susan LeRoy, Natalie Bayard Brown, as a beneficiary of her grandmother’s estate, received an inheritance. She authorized her brother to act on her behalf and transferred power of attorney to him in 1892. Natalie Bayard Brown was named executrix for Sabina Sartorius and Kate Conner, long time employees. She was a beneficiary of the estate of Georgie B.C. Heredia, a friend, and involved in the settlement of the estate of Marie Rambard, her Parisian landlady.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs, for a picture of Georgie B.C. Heredia, and pictures of Marie Rambard and Kate Conner.

    Container Description Date
    Box 8, Folder 43 Estate of Susan LeRoy
    Box 8, Folder 44 Estate of Sabina Sartorius
    Box 8, Folder 45 Estate of Sabina Sartorius
    Box 8, Folder 46 Estate of Sabina Sartorius
    Box 8, Folder 47 Estate of Georgie B.C. Heredia
    Box 8, Folder 48 Estate of Marie Rambaud
    Box 8, Folder 49 Estate of Marie Rambaud
    Box 8, Folder 50 Estate of Kate Conner
    Box 8, Folder 51 Estate of Kate Conner

    Subseries B. Daniel LeRoy Dresser
    Born in 1866, Daniel LeRoy Dresser was the only brother of Natalie Bayard Brown. He graduated from Columbia College, married Emma Burnham and had two children. At Natalie Bayard Brown’s request, he was made a trustee of the minor estate. He resigned as trustee due to his financial and legal difficulties. He was constantly borrowing money from his wealthy sisters, defaulting on various loans, and involving his sisters in his financial dealings.

    Container Description Date
    Box 8, Folder 52-59 Estate of Daniel LeRoy Dresser

    Subseries C. Newport properties
    Included in this subseries are legal documents concerning various Newport properties purchased by Natalie Bayard Brown. The properties were used primarily for rental income. 31 Old Beach Road became the permanent residence of the Viscountess d’Osmoy. Information regarding the purchase of the Dickey Estate in 1903 and the subsequent construction of Harbour Court is located within this subseries. These papers include the deeds, titles, contracts, building specifications, and related bills. On Christmas in 1931, John Nicholas Brown generously gave his mother Harbour Court. This Deed of Grant signed by both John Nicholas Brown and his wife, Anne S.K. Brown, gave Natalie Bayard Brown the exclusive right to occupy and enjoy Harbour Court for the remainder of her life.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 1 2 Wellington
    Box 14C, Folder 11 3, 5 Marchant
    Box 14C, Folder 12 31 Old Beach Road
    Box 9, Folder 2 Harbour Court. Deeds
    1903
    Box 9, Folder 3 Harbour Court. Title
    1903
    Box 9, Folder 4 Harbour Court. Probate Rulings
    1903-1908
    Box 9, Folder 5 Harbour Court
    1904-1907
    Box 9, Folder 6 Harbour Court. Contracts
    1904-1917
    Box 9, Folder 7 Harbour Court. Building Specifications
    Box 9, Folder 8 Harbour Court. Building Specifications
    Box 9, Folder 9 Harbour Court. Building Specifications
    Box 9, Folder 10 Harbour Court. Building Specifications
    Box 27X, Folder 3 Harbour Court. Bills
    1905-1907
    Box 9, Folder 11 Harbour Court. Bills
    1906-1907
    Box 9, Folder 12 Harbour Court. Deed
    1931
    Box 9, Folder 13 Galvin Property
    Box 14C, Folder 13 Galvin Property
    Box 9, Folder 14 Titles
    Box 14C, Folder 14 Deeds
    Box 9, Folder 15 13 Mt. Vernon
    Box 27X, Folder 4 Newport Properties. Wellington Ave extension, Blueprint
    Box 45, Folder 7 Dresser Plot - Island Cemetary
    Box 27X, Folder 5 33 South Baptist St.

    Subseries D. Boston property
    In 1919 Natalie Bayard Brown leased a residence at 181 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, when her son, John Nicholas Brown, enrolled at Harvard University. Included in this subseries are the lease, note and mortgage, and deed. Correspondence related to the rental and sale of 181 Commonwealth is located within Series 1. Correspondence, Subseries L. Real estate.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 16 Lease
    1919 October
    Box 9, Folder 17 Note and Mortgage
    1926 June-1932 June
    Box 9, Folder 18 Purchase, Agreement, Survey, Policy, and Deed
    1927-1942
    Box 9, Folder 19 Deed
    1927 July
    Box 9, Folder 20 Plan of Property
    1927 July
    Box 9, Folder 21 Lease
    1939 November-1940 May

    Subseries E. Loans
    In 1910, Natalie Bayard Brown gave A.O’D Taylor $1,500 in the form of a note. He died shortly thereafter and his estate refused to honor the note, citing insolvency and lack of funds. The case was referred to William Sheffield for collection. Two years later, in August 1912, Natalie Bayard Brown granted a mortgage loan #1329 to Nellie Pickles for the sum of $2,000. This loan was paid in full. Natalie Bayard Brown guaranteed a note of $6,500 (dated March 5, 1948) for Emil Pflock and Frank G. Wheeler (dba Wheelock) that was subsequently cancelled. Another note for the two men in the amount of $5,706.44 was executed.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 22 A.O’D Taylor
    Box 9, Folder 23 Nellie Pickles
    Box 9, Folder 24 Emil Pflock and Frank G. Wheeler

    Subseries F. Bequests
    This subseries contains a legal acknowledgment of the transfer of securities and cash of the Trust of the Estate of John Nicholas Brown under will from the trustees to John Nicholas Brown in 1925. Also contained are the details of the John Nicholas Brown under will bequests to Natalie Bayard Brown. In 1916, Natalie Bayard Brown, in conjunction with Rhode Island Hospital Trust acting as trustee, set up a trust for the benefit of her sister, Pauline Merrill. In 1927, an Indenture trust document regarding the Merrill trust was drawn up by the parties involved.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 25-27 Bequests
    Box 14C, Folder 15 Bequests. Merrill

    Subseries G. Legal counsel
    Walter Edwards of the Providence firm Edwards and Angell was Natalie Bayard Brown’s legal counsel during the later part of her life. In 1934, Natalie Bayard Brown transferred power of attorney to her financial advisor, Henry F. Colt. In 1938, Natalie Bayard Brown gave Edwards power of attorney. Walter Edwards, John Nicholas Brown, and Henry F. Colt were the executors of the will of Natalie Bayard Brown.

    Henry F. Colt
    Box 14C, Folder 16

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 28 Edwards and Angell

    Henry F. Colt
    Box 14C, Folder 16

    Subseries H. Natalie Bayard Brown will
    This subseries contains several copies of the will of Natalie Bayard Brown in addition to an extensive appraisal of her personal property.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 29 Will
    Box 14C, Folder 17 Will
    Box 14C, Folder 18 Appraisal

    Subseries I. Natalie Bayard Brown estate settlement
    Contained within this subseries is correspondence, accounts payable, accounts receivable, receipts acknowledging distributions, account summaries, settlement agreements, bank statements and canceled checks regarding the settlement of the estate of Natalie Bayard Brown. Included among the account payables are funeral expenses and doctors’ bills. The accounts receivable detail stock liquidation sales of municipal bonds, blue chip companies, and speculative ventures. The receipts a/c distributions detail the bequests under will of Natalie Bayard Brown and includes signed receipts from each beneficiary. The account summary contains a formal listing of Natalie Bayard Brown’s assets, holdings, stock gains and losses and all income at the time of her death. Constructed by the executors, John Nicholas Brown, Henry F. Colt and Walter A. Edwards, this detailed typescript included worksheets and drafts. The settlement agreement was made between John Nicholas Brown, Henry F. Colt and Walter A. Edwards as executors, and John Nicholas Brown as Trustee and the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Bank and Fred M. Langton, Tax Administrator for the State of Rhode Island. This settlement agreement details provisions of the will, value of net estate, beneficiary listing and amount of tax paid. The bank statements and canceled checks from Rhode Island Hospital Trust Bank run from January 2, 1951 to April 14, 1953; however, no check register has been located.

    Subseries J. Miscellaneous
    This subseries includes contracts, leases, assignment of mortgages, and a copy of a trust deed. The signed contracts between Natalie Bayard Brown and the telephone company exist for the years 1901 - 1902. 1n 1919, Natalie Bayard Brown rented 18 Exeter Street in Boston. In 1903 - 1904, Natalie Bayard Brown rented two apartments in the Warrington in New York City. The Copy of the trust deed between Mary Augusta King and Rhode Island Hospital Trust concerns Dresser land in Newport, Rhode Island, that was held in trust for Natalie Bayard Brown and her sisters. One of the leases (encompassing 1901 to 1906) between Natalie Bayard Brown and Elizabeth Shepard for 35 Brown Street also included an inventory of items in the house.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 53 Safe deposit renewal
    Box 9, Folder 54 Telephone contracts
    Box 9, Folder 55 Copy Trust Deed
    Box 9, Folder 56-57 Lease
    Box 9, Folder 58 Assignment of Mortgages
    Box 45, Folder 13 Paintings Owned by Mrs. Natalie Bayard Brown
    1988

    Series 4. Writings and speeches
    This series includes writings and speeches written and given by Natalie Bayard Brown. Natalie Bayard Brown was an influential member of society. She participated in numerous political, civic and church related activities, and frequently was called upon to lecture at functions. An effective public speaker, Natalie Bayard Brown had the ability to rally people to support her causes. Evidently, Natalie Bayard Brown enjoyed the art of writing, for she penned quite a few short stories.

    Subseries A. Political
    This subseries contains Natalie Bayard Brown’s writings and speeches concerning the elections of 1928, 1930, 1932. She participated in the democratic process on the national and local levels. She championed the candidacy of Governor Al Smith and Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt for the office of President of the United States. She supported the re-election campaign of Mayor Sullivan of Newport, and Sen. Peter Gerry of Rhode Island. She voiced her opinion regarding these following issues: the repeal of prohibition, immigration, and probation officers.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 1. Correspondence.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 59 Election
    1928
    Box 9, Folder 60 Elections
    1930, 1932
    Box 9, Folder 61 Mayor Sullivan
    Box 9, Folder 62 Immigration

    Subseries B. Civic
    Box 9, Folder 63-64
    "Why has patriotism survived?", written by Natalie Bayard Brown, was a paper read at the Tuesday Club on January 12, 1937. In 1944, Natalie Bayard Brown read a paper at the Zion Methodist Church concerning the war and the anticipated homecoming.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 1. Correspondence.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 6. Scrapbooks.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 7. Clippings.

    Subseries C. Church
    On November 20, 1913, Natalie Bayard Brown delivered an essay about English Cathedrals at the Emmanuel Church parish house. Natalie Bayard Brown considered Ralph Adams Cram, architect of Emmanuel Church, to be the greatest church architect in the country. He authored English Country Churches: One Hundred Views Selected by Ralph Adams Cram, Architect, published in 1898 in Boston by the Bates & Guild Company. Also included in this subseries is an address on the General Convention of 1925 given at Trinity Church in Newport by Natalie Bayard Brown. This address detailed her attendance at the General Convention and her general observations.

    See also:

    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 1. Correspondence.
    • Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Series 8. Photographs.

    Container Description Date
    Box 9, Folder 65-66 Church
    Box 9, Folder 67 General Convention notes

    Subseries D. Fiction
    Natalie Bayard Brown wrote short stories. Some of these works are in manuscript form and some typescript form.

    Container Description Date
    Box 10, Folder 1 "The Danger Signal"
    Box 10, Folder 2 "The Idol of Clay"
    Box 10, Folder 3 "Trains that Pass in the Night", "SAD"
    Box 10, Folder 4 "Little People"
    Box 10, Folder 5 "Aunt Lucy"
    Box 10, Folder 6 Untitled

    Subseries E. Miscellaneous
    Contained within this subseries are two typescript copies of biographical sketches of John Carter Brown and John Nicholas Brown (1861 - 1900) written for the National Cyclopedia of American Biography, published in New York by James T. While & Co. Although the authorship of these articles is unclear, penciled corrections in Natalie Bayard Brown’s hand appear in one of the articles.

    Container Description Date
    Box 10, Folder 7 Miscellaneous
    Box 10, Folder 8 Poems

    Series 5. Travel
    This series contains eleven descriptive and wonderfully narrative travel diaries. The interior items removed from the diaries were placed in upright folders. Also, this series contains car mileage logs kept by Natalie Bayard Brown. These logs, although not as descriptive as the diaries, provide information regarding the travels or vacations of Natalie Bayard Brown.

    Subseries A. Travel diaries, 1908-1929
    Natalie Bayard Brown kept detailed diaries to record many of her extensive travels. These travel diaries in many instances provide a day-by-day itinerary of her travels in addition to observations of local people, customs and natural sites. Natalie Bayard Brown spent a great deal of time in Europe visiting family, friends and acquaintances as well as sightseeing. On a trip to Italy in 1908, she wrote that this was her first tour in an automobile. When travel to Europe was halted during the First World War, Natalie and her family traveled across the continent and wintered in southern California. On the way, the travelers visited many of this country’s most beautiful natural wonders. They saw the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, Yosemite and the Grand Canyon. After the signing of the Armistice in 1919, Natalie and her son traveled to Japan for an extended tour. Very impressed with Japanese culture, artwork and people, Natalie remarked, "how primitive in its habits and methods or lack of method that one wonders how they can as yet attempt to compete with the rest of the world, and yet on the other hand they have accomplished much in a short time..." In 1923, the Brown entourage embarked on a river trip up the Nile to Nubia. Along the way, they stopped at many historical and ancient sites. They saw the Pyramids, the Sphinx, and the Tombs of many kings and queens. They witnessed the excavation of the Tomb of Tutankhamen and saw beautiful objects extracted from the tomb. At the conclusion of the Nile journey, the group visited Palestine, toured historical and religious sites and departed for Europe. In 1929, Natalie Bayard Brown, her son, John Nicholas, and their traveling party departed for an extensive cruise throughout the Greek Islands, stopping in Greece to visit Athens, Sparta and the ancient ruins.

    Container Description Date
    Box 10, Folder 9 Italy
    1908
    Box 10, Folder 10 Italy
    1908
    Box 10, Folder 11 Europe
    1909
    Box 10, Folder 12 Europe
    1909
    Box 10, Folder 13 California
    1915
    Box 10, Folder 14 Southern United States to California
    1915-1916
    Box 10, Folder 15 Southern United States to California
    1915-1916
    Box 10, Folder 16 Japan
    1919
    Box 10, Folder 17 Japan
    1919
    Box 10, Folder 18 Japan
    1919
    Box 10, Folder 19 Japan
    1919
    Box 44, Folder 1 Japan - Imperial Government Railways (booklet)
    1915
    Box 10, Folder 20 Spain
    1922
    Box 10, Folder 21 Nile River, Palestine, Europe
    1923
    Box 10, Folder 22 Nile River
    1923
    Box 10, Folder 23 Palestine & Europe
    1923
    Box 10, Folder 24 Nile River
    1923
    Box 44, Folder 1 Notes on the Nile Voyage by Private Steamer and Dahabeah with illustrations, plans and rates of hire. Published by Thos. Cook & Son, London.
    circa 1923
    Box 10, Folder 25 S.Y. Iolanda - Greece and Islands
    1929
    Box 10, Folder 26 S.Y. Iolanda - Greece and Islands
    1929
    Box 10, Folder 27 S.Y. Iolanda - Greece and Islands
    1929
    Box 10, Folder 28 S.Y. Iolanda - Greece and Islands
    1929
    Box 45, Folder 11 Diary Susan LeRoy
    circa

    Subseries B. Car logs
    Natalie Bayard Brown’s car logs provide a record of places visited, dates, distances traveled, weather and road conditions, and include some observations. They chronicle domestic and foreign travel, but in no way are as complete as the travel diaries. Among the places traveled, New England, Canada and Europe are the most frequented.

    Container Description Date
    Box 10, Folder 29 Car logs
    1916-1928
    Box 10, Folder 30 Car logs
    Contents Note: Items removed from journal

    1916-1928
    Box 10, Folder 31 Car logs - Europe
    1922
    Box 10, Folder 32 Car logs - Domestic United States
    1936-1945

    Series 6. Scrapbooks
    Natalie Bayard Brown constructed scrapbooks to commemorate significant people, places and events that touched her life. She began creating scrapbooks in 1882 after the death of her parents. She constructed several family scrapbooks, a political scrapbook, several civic scrapbooks, a post card scrapbook and a membership scrapbook. In addition to newspaper and pamphlet clippings, the scrapbooks often include photographs, correspondence and telegrams.

    Subseries A. Family
    This subseries contains two family scrapbooks that record the history of the Brown Family. The first Brown Family Scrapbook begins with the death of John Nicholas Brown (1861 - 1900) and includes the construction of Emmanuel Church, the John Nicholas Brown Gate at Brown University and the John Carter Brown Library. The second Brown Family Scrapbook covers the period, 1910 to 1931 and records marriages, civic league activities, an article about Desmond Fitzgerald, and the moving of 50 South Main Street.

    Container Description Date
    Box 15C Brown
    1900-1909
    Box 16C Brown
    1910-1931

    Subseries B. Family, friends, and acquaintances
    This scrapbook, primarily containing newspaper clippings, begins in 1882. It features obituaries, engagements, weddings and other items regarding Newport and New York’s elite society. Interestingly, in one of the clippings, detailing the Watts Sherman/ Sophia Augusta Brown wedding, Natalie Bayard Dresser and her sisters are listed as guests. This scrapbook is in need of conservation and is in a very delicate state. The binding is broken and the pages falling out. A partial photocopy of the original was made, and all of the inserts and clippings found loose in the scrapbook have been placed in an upright folder.

    Container Description Date
    Box 17C Scrapbook
    1882
    Box 10, Folder 33-34 Scrapbook
    1882

    Subseries C. Political
    Box 28X, Folder 1
    This subseries contain one scrapbook detailing the election of 1928. Natalie Bayard Brown enthusiastically supported the candidacy of Governor Al Smith during the election. She was an elector for Al Smith and cast her vote at the meeting of the electoral college.

    Subseries D. Civic
    These scrapbooks document the activities of the Newport Civic League from 1905 - 1914, and the Pasadena Civic League. Natalie Bayard Brown was a long-lived member and past president of the Newport Civic League. One entire scrapbook is devoted to the Child Welfare Exhibit sponsored by the Newport Civic League, March 24, 1913 to March 29, 1913.

    Container Description Date
    Box 18C Newport Civic League
    1905-1914
    Box 19C Newport Civic League. Child Welfare Exhibit
    Box 10, Folder 35 Pasadena Civic League

    Subseries E. Memberships
    This subseries contains one scrapbook recording the activities of the Women’s Foreign Missionary Society Jubilee of 1911. Natalie Bayard Brown served as chair of the committee organizing the Jubilee. She received congratulatory letters regarding the success of the Jubilee, the envelopes of which were glued into the scrapbook. The correspondence within the envelopes was removed and placed in the correspondence series of the Natalie Bayard Brown papers, Memberships subseries. The glued envelopes remained in the pages of the scrapbook.

    Container Description Date
    Box 20C, Folder 1 Women’s Foreign Missionary Society

    Subseries F. Postcards
    Box 21C
    This single scrapbook contains many unique postcards sent and received by Natalie Bayard Brown. Postcards depicting Newport, Providence and New York dominate. There are many series postcards and postcards catering to children.

    Series 7. Clippings
    Natalie Bayard Brown loved to collect newspaper articles about herself and her family. For important occasions, she would hire a clipping service, Henry Romeike of New York. This service sent to Natalie clippings from around the country regarding a particular event. Romaine included the name of the newspaper, address of the paper, date of publication and a copy of the article and mailed the clippings to Natalie at her home. These clippings have been filed in upright file folders or flat, depending upon the article size. They have not been photocopied onto archival bond. Natalie Bayard Brown clipped newspapers articles concerning family members, church related activities, the Newport Civic League and political activities. Also included in this series are entire editions of various newspapers. The newspapers, primarily concerning political activities, have been flat filed. The following papers are represented: Today: An Independent National Weekly, New York Herald Tribune, Sunday Star Magazine, New York Times, News Tribune, Providence Journal, Providence Evening Bulletin, Boston Herald, Boston Evening Transcript, Boston Chronicle, Newport Herald, Newport Daily News, Washington Herald, Washington Post, Washington Times, Baltimore Evening Sun. Among her papers, Natalie had a copy of an 1804 edition of Poulson’s American Daily Advertiser. This paper reported the Nicholas Brown financial donation to Rhode Island College.

    Subseries A. Engagement

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 1 Engagement
    Box 22C, Folder 1 Engagement and wedding

    Subseries B. Wedding

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 2 Wedding
    Box 22C, Folder 1 Engagement and wedding

    Subseries C. Family

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 3 JNB
    1861-1900
    Box 11, Folder 4-6 JNB
    1900-1979
    Box 29X, Folder 1-2 JNB
    1900-1979
    Box 11, Folder 7 Dresser
    Box 22C, Folder 2 Dresser
    Box 11, Folder 8 Brown
    Box 22C, Folder 3 Brown
    Box 31XX, Folder 3 Brown
    Contents Note: 1804 edition of Poulson's.

    1804

    Subseries D. Church
    Box 11, Folder 9

    Subseries E. Civic
    Box 11, Folder 10-11

    Subseries F. Political

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 12 Election
    1928
    Box 11, Folder 13 Election
    1932
    Box 11, Folder 14 Prohibition
    Box 29X, Folder 3 FDR
    Box 29X, Folder 4 Political
    Box 32XX Newport Daily News
    Box 32XX Newport Herald editions
    Box 33XX New York Times, News Tribune, Providence; Providence Journal; Providence Evening Bulletin; Boston Herald; Boston Evening
    Box 34XX The Sunday Star, Washington; Washington Herald; Washington Post; Washington Times; Baltimore Evening Sun; New York Herald Tribune.

    Subseries G. Miscellaneous
    Contained within this group of clippings are various obituaries including those of Col. Goddard in 1916 and George Matteson in 1909, as well as a newspaper article about the excavation of King Tutankhamen’s tomb. The March 13, 1936, edition of the Evening Bulletin was saved by Natalie Bayard Brown. It headlined prewar activities in France; Natalie’s sister, Susan, resided in France. Also included are 1896 newspaper clippings concerning the activities of society in the United States. These clippings were mailed to Natalie Bayard Brown at her Paris apartment. A green leather bound clipping holder with multiple compartments is located in the subseries.

    Container Description Date
    Box 22C, Folder 4 Miscellaneous
    Box 11, Folder 15-16 Miscellaneous
    Box 29X, Folder 5 Miscellaneous
    Box 11, Folder 17 Miscellaneous
    Contents Note: Leather holder.

    Series 8. Photographs
    This collection contains wonderful photographic scrapbooks that correspond with the life of Natalie Bayard Brown. It includes pictures of family, friends, dwellings, Emmanuel Church and travels. Many of the photographs were taken by Natalie Bayard Brown and provide great visual documentation to accompany her papers.

    Subseries A. Family

    Container Description Date
    Box 35C Family and Friends
    Contents Note: Picture of Mrs. de Heredia

    circa 1900
    Box 36C Family, Emmanuel, Harbour Court, Friends
    1903-1907
    Box 36C Family
    1904
    Box 37C Family
    1910
    Box 37C Family and Travel
    circa 1910
    Box 46, Folder 1 Funeral Images
    1950
    Box 46, Folder 2 Funeral Images
    1950
    Box 46, Folder 3 Miscellaneous (Pets, Travel) Images
    1920
    Box 46, Folder 4 Duplicate Images of Natalie Bayard Brown
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 5 Group Portraits
    1869-1899
    Box 46, Folder 6 Group Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 7 Group Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 8 Group Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 9 Group Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 10 Portraits of Extended Family - Dresser and Merrill
    1890-1960
    Box 46, Folder 11 Merrill Family
    1878-1936
    Box 46, Folder 12 Merrill Family
    1914-1920
    Box 46, Folder 13 Copy of Drawn Portrait of Margery Merrill
    circa
    Box 46, Folder 14 Marriage Portrait
    1896
    Box 46, Folder 15 Portrait with John Nicholas Brown II
    1900
    Box 46, Folder 16 Portraits
    1869-1899
    Box 46, Folder 17 Portraits
    1869-1899
    Box 46, Folder 18 Group Portraits
    1869-1899
    Box 46, Folder 19 Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 20 Portraits
    1900-1950
    Box 46, Folder 21 Portraits
    1900-1950

    Subseries B. Civic

    Container Description Date
    Box 38C USS Newport
    1943 August 15

    Subseries C. Travel

    Container Description Date
    Box 39, Folder 1 Europe & Home. Italy
    1905-1915
    Box 39, Folder 2 France. Coronation. France.
    1911-1912
    Box 39, Folder 3 US & Canada
    1913-1925
    Box 40C, Folder 1 Japan
    1919
    Box 40C, Folder 2 Japan
    1919
    Box 41C, Folder 1 France
    1920
    Box 41C, Folder 2 Spain
    1922
    Box 41C, Folder 3 Palestine
    1923
    Box 41C, Folder 4 Sicily/Italy
    1923
    Box 41C, Folder 5 Egypt
    1923
    Box 42C, Folder 1 Europe
    1927
    Box 42C, Folder 2 Iolanda Cruise. Greece
    1929
    Box 43C, Folder 1 Iolanda Cruise. Greece
    1929
    Box 43C, Folder 2 Iolanda Cruise. Greece
    1929
    Box 43C, Folder 3 Florida, Bermuda, California
    1932-1938
    Box 43C, Folder 4 Europe
    1938

    Series 9. Artwork
    This series includes artwork created by Natalie Bayard Brown and her son (John Nicholas Brown), siblings (Daniel LeRoy Dresser and Susan, Viscountess d’Osmoy), and nephew (George Merrill). Natalie Bayard Brown’s artwork reflects her appreciation of the natural landscape and her enthusiasm for painting. John Nicholas Brown’s artwork consists of childhood works saved by his mother. The watercolor sketches by Daniel LeRoy Dresser are mostly of Newport, with some portraits and caricatures. The Viscountess d’Osmoy’s painting is of Natalie Bayard Brown’s poodle, Pom-Pom, and George Merrill’s drawing is of an urban horizon seen from the waterfront.

    Subseries A. Natalie Bayard Brown

    Container Description Date
    Box 30X, Folder 1 Painted glass transfer prints (five)
    Box 30X, Folder 2 Landscape (with matte)
    Box 30X, Folder 3 Landscape (with matte)
    Box 30X, Folder 4 Landscape (with matte)
    Box 30X, Folder 5 Landscape (with matte)

    Subseries B. John Nicholas Brown (1900-1979)

    Container Description Date
    Box 30X, Folder 6 Childhood artwork (six)

    Subseries C. Daniel LeRoy Dresser

    Container Description Date
    Box 30X, Folder 7 Watercolor sketches (thirteen)
    circa 1890s

    Subseries D. Susan, Viscountess d’Osmoy

    Container Description Date
    Box 30X, Folder 8 Pom-Pom, NBB’s poodle

    Subseries E. George Merrill

    Container Description Date
    Box 30X, Folder 9 Urban horizon viewed from the waterfront

    Series 10. Miscellaneous
    Included in this series are various address books, autograph books, baby books, cards, ephemera, memorabilia and keepsakes belonging to Natalie Bayard Brown.

    Subseries A. Address books
    These books provide an alphabetical listing of Natalie Bayard Brown’s family, friends and selected merchants. In addition to the names, the address and phone numbers are included.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 18 Address Book
    1923
    Box 11, Folder 19 Address Book
    Contents Note: Items removed from

    1923
    Box 11, Folder 20 Address Book
    Box 11, Folder 21 Address Book

    Subseries B. Autograph books
    This subseries contains two autograph books dating from 1877 that belonged to Natalie Bayard Brown. It includes signatures of family members, friends and teachers.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 22 Autograph Book
    1877-1882
    Box 11, Folder 23 Autograph Book
    1885-1889
    Box 45, Folder 6 Autograph Book of Susan Dresser
    circa

    Subseries C. Baby books – John Nicholas Brown
    The baby books record the height, weight, illnesses, accomplishments, and gifts received by John Nicholas Brown (1900 - 1979) as a baby and child.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 24 JNB Baby Book
    Box 11, Folder 25 JNB Baby Book
    Contents Note: List presents received

    Box 13C, Folder 3 JNB Baby Book

    Subseries D. Cards
    The cards include a Christmas card from Yamanaka and Company, Boston, and a business card from Dante Gambinossi Inc., 538 Madison Avenue, New York.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 26 Cards

    Subseries E. Death certificates
    This subseries is comprised of two certificates verifying the death of George Matteson on November 16, 1908.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 27 Death Certificates

    Subseries F. Keepsake
    This subseries contains a Merrymount Press 1922 keepsake for Natalie Bayard Brown and Georgette Brown, presumably printed by Daniel Berkeley Updike, a family friend of the Browns.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 28 Keepsake

    Subseries G. Ledger
    This undated ledger was kept during a trip to Europe that included France and Italy.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 29 Ledger

    Subseries H. Magazines

    Container Description Date
    Box 29X, Folder 6 Today’s Housewife
    1924 February
    Box 29X, Folder 6 Today’s Housewife
    1924 March

    Subseries I. Memorabilia
    The memorabilia in this subseries highlights Natalie Bayard Brown’s honored place in society. Natalie Bayard Brown received an invitation to the inauguration and inaugural ball of Theodore Roosevelt held on March 4, 1905. The memorabilia related to the coronation of George V includes tickets to the Royal Progress and Coronation Procession and an invitation to meet the Duke and Duchess of Connaught. Natalie Bayard Brown also saved the Procession and Quadrille program and a menu from the Berkeley Hotel.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 30 Roosevelt Inauguration
    1905
    Box 11, Folder 31 Coronation of George V
    1911

    Subseries J. Notes

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 32 Notes
    Box 44, Folder 2 Notebook from Mrs. Gillials School and High School
    1884
    Box 44, Folder 3 Notebook of Natalie Bayard Brown
    1887
    Box 44, Folder 4 French Exercise Book and Short Story
    circa
    Box 44, Folder 4 Notebook: "Mitzpah"
    1894
    Box 44, Folder 5 Exercise Notebooks - School Notes and Short Stories
    circa
    Box 44, Folder 8 Susan LeRoy Fish - Memorandum and Sketchbook
    1856
    Box 44, Folder 9 Susan LeRoy Fish - School Notebooks
    circa
    Box 44, Folder 10 Susan LeRoy Fish - School Notebooks
    circa

    Subseries K. Pamphlets and printed material
    Represented in this subseries is a 1935 rendition of the Newport Garden Association’s pamphlet, and a pamphlet commemorating a 1947 memorial service for James DeWolf Perry, Bishop of Rhode Island. The printed materials include a commemorative publication celebrating the opening of the Providence Public Library’s new building (crediting John Nicholas Brown with his generous donation) and a membership solicitation and Bulletin from the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities. While it is unconfirmed whether Natalie Bayard Brown was a passenger, a passenger list from the R.M.S. Aquitania lists Mrs. J. Nicholas Brown and John B. Brown (a possible misprint of his middle initial). The ephemera and notes include a humorous story, a sympathy card from Natalie Bayard Brown, prayer cards, an 1870 Café Voisin menu, a notice from the post office regarding the lack of a mail receptacle outside 181 Commonwealth Avenue, and an invitation to a lunch honoring the Prince and Princess of Sweden on June 16 in Newport, Rhode Island.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 33 Newport Garden Association
    1935
    Box 11, Folder 34 Providence Public Library
    1900-1910
    Box 11, Folder 35 Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (Historic New England)
    1910
    Box 11, Folder 36 James DeWolf Perry
    1947
    Box 11, Folder 37 R.M.S. Aquitania
    1920
    Box 11, Folder 38 Ephemera and Notes

    Subseries L. Photographs, 1931-1940
    This subseries consists of black and white photographs, some of which have been colorized, of entries to the Newport Flower Show. Although the presumption is that the entries were those of Natalie Bayard Brown, there is no information to confirm that. Notes on the photographs indicated which entries won prizes at the show.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 39 Newport Flower Show
    1931
    Box 11, Folder 40 Newport Flower Show
    1932
    Box 11, Folder 41 Newport Flower Show
    1933
    Box 11, Folder 42 Newport Flower Show
    1934
    Box 11, Folder 43 Newport Flower Show
    1935
    Box 11, Folder 44 Newport Flower Show
    1936
    Box 11, Folder 45 Newport Flower Show
    1937
    Box 11, Folder 46 Newport Flower Show
    1940
    Box 11, Folder 47 Newport Flower Show/Binder

    Subseries M. Postcards
    The postcards are of a Ceylon Village at the Franco-British Exhibition of 1908 and Saint-Malo, on the Island of Grand Bé.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 48 Postcards

    Subseries N. Published book
    An 1898 edition of an obstetrics text that was owned by Natalie Bayard Brown.

    Container Description Date
    Box 20C, Folder 2 King, A.F.A. A Manual of Obstetrics. Philadelphia and New York: Lea Brothers & Co..
    1898
    Box 45, Folder 12 The Mosquito Nuisance in Millbum Township and How to Abate It
    1906

    Subseries O. Visits paid and received book
    This bound book records the names and dates people visited Natalie Bayard Brown between 1912 and 1926.

    Container Description Date
    Box 11, Folder 49 Visits Paid and Received
    Box 44, Folder 6 Wood Cover Notebook: "Good Friends are the Ornaments of this Household"
    circa
    Box 44, Folder 7 John Nicholas Brown's "Guest Book : Many Pigs of Many Pens"
    1908

    Subseries P. Film - 16mm

    Container Description Date
    Box 44 Bermuda - Monarch Penguins
    1934
    Box 44 Leaving Bermuda
    1934
    Box 44 Nicky - Harbour Court
    1934
    Box 44 Carter and Nicky - Harbour Court
    1934
    Box 44 Yacht Races (empty - no film)
    1934
    Box 44 Dogs in Snow
    1934
    Box 44 Carter and Nicky - Habour Court
    1935
    Box 44 Presenting Colors - Childred McCagg - Brown
    1936
    Box 44 Flying, Garden Club, Children
    1936
    Box 44 Storm #1
    1937
    Box 44 Untitled
    1937
    Box 44 Clearing Trees - Harbour Court (1938) Torpedo (1939)
    1938-1939
    Box 44 Storm #2
    1939
    Box 44 Canada - Quints - Saganey
    1939