Guide to the Daniel J. Anderson papers, 1975-2002

(bulk 1980-1998)

John Hay Library
Box A
Brown University
Providence, RI 02912
Tel: 401-863-2146
Fax: 401-863-2093

Published in 2008

Collection Overview

Title: Daniel J. Anderson papers
Date range: 1975-2002, (bulk 1980-1998)
Creator: Anderson, Daniel J.
Extent: 7 linear feet (7 records center boxes)
Abstract: This collection consists of the research files of Daniel J. Anderson, one of the developers of the Minnesota Model for the treatment of alcoholism. There are magazines, newspaper clippings, speech outlines on index cards, books, pamphlets, and conference materials.
Language of materials: English
Repository: John Hay Library
Collection number: Ms. 2008.025

Scope & content

The Dr. Daniel J. Anderson papers consists of research files including magazines, book reviews, newspaper clippings, note cards for lectures, notes taken in lectures, booklets, conference materials, outlines and entire books. There is almost no correspondence. While there is some material from the early 1970's and some up to 2000, most of the material is from the late 1970's through the late 1990's. Taken as a whole, they show the evolution of the 12 step treatment program which came to be called the Minnesota Model.

Each folder represents a thought or concept, a complete package that could be removed from the files and used to generate a talk, a lecture or write the chapter of a book. Because of this approach, Dr. Anderson photocopied certain materials such as the outline of the history of alcohol treatment from the 1940's through the 1990's and the outline of the Minnesota Model of alcohol addiction treatment and included them in each folder or thought package where he would need them. Some topics are labeled "hot" and others such as "Basic basic" and "Thoughts about things" are collections of inspirations which Dr. Anderson hoped would generate new treatment ideas.


The folders as received were not in usable research order, and they were re-arranged in alphabetical order by folder title during processing of the collection.

Biographical note

Daniel J. Anderson was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1921. He graduated from the College of St. Thomas in 1950, obtained a masters degree in clinical psychology from Loyola University in Illinois in 1956 and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Ottawa ten years later. He began working at Willmar State Hospital (now the Willmar Regional Treatment Center) near St. Cloud, Minnesota, in 1951 as an Intern in psychology. His status was upgraded to Clinical Psychologist after he had earned his graduate degrees. Dr. Anderson began his association with Hazelden as a consultant and lecturer in 1957 while still affiliated with Willmar. In 1961, he joined the Hazelden staff as Executive Vice President and Director. He became President and Director in 1971 and served as President Emeritus from 1986 to 1996. He died in 2003.

Dr. Anderson belonged to the American Psychological Association, the Minnesota Psychological Association, Alcohol and Drug Problems Association of North American, Minnesota Chemical Dependency Association. He was a licensed consulting psychologist and a Minnesota Certified Chemical Dependency Practitioner. He was a popular lecturer both nationally and internationally on such topics as Alcoholics Anonymous, the history of alcohol treatment in the 20th century, the development of self-help groups, chronic illness, and communities of coping and caring. His two best known publications are "The Psychopathology of Denial" and "Behavioral Management of Chronic Illness".

When Dr. Anderson started his career at Willmar Hospital in the early 1950's, alcoholics were still called "inebriates" and were housed in locked wards with the mentally ill. In Minnesota, Willmar was the end destination for all alcoholics who wound up in hospital settings. As members of Alcoholics Anonymous began to make visits to Willmar, the 12 step program they promoted began to change the way alcoholics were treated there. Under the direction of Dr. Nelson J. Bradley, Dr. Jean J. Rossi and Dr. Anderson, the Minnesota Model began to develop. When these three innovators moved on to other venues, they took their new practices with them. Dr. Bradley and Dr. Rossi went on the Lutheran General Hospital system in Illinois, and Dr. Anderson moved on to Hazelden.

Hazelden was founded in 1949 as a private, non-profit, residential, rehabilitation facility for patients with chemical dependency and related addictive behaviors. In this setting where the emphasis was less on the medical aspects of treatment, Anderson was encouraged by the owners to expand on the ideas which germinated at Willmar. He was instrumental in developing the Minnesota Model, the paradigm for treatment not only of alcoholism but all forms of chemical dependency and addictive behavior like gambling. The four basics of the Model are that addiction is a primary, chronic illness distinct from mental illness, that a multidisciplinary team is needed to treat the disease, that a systematic approach to treatment is necessary and that an aftercare program is not an afterthought but an integral part of the treatment. The program is based on AA's twelve steps and is abstinence oriented. Anderson was a proponent of sharing the Hazelden experience. As a result, he and other staff members did training sessions, gave lectures, and attended conferences. The institution itself became a training ground for therapists in the field of addiction treatment as well as a publishing house, producing literature in the field of alcohol and addiction.

Access & Use

Access to the collection: There are no restrictions on access, except that the collection can only be seen by prior appointment. Some materials may be stored off-site and cannot be produced on the same day on which they are requested.
Use of the materials: Although Brown University has physical ownership of the collection and the materials contained therein, it does not claim literary rights. Researchers should note that compliance with copyright law is their responsibility. Researchers must determine the owners of the literary rights and obtain any necessary permissions from them.
Preferred citation: Daniel J. Anderson papers, Ms. 2008.025, Brown University Library.
Contact information: John Hay Library
Box A
Brown University
Providence, RI 02912
Tel: 401-863-2146
Fax: 401-863-2093

Administrative Information

Acquisition: This collection was given to Brown University as a gift by Marie Anderson on May 3, 2005.
Processing information: The materials have been transferred from Dr. Anderson’s folders and the folder titles have been retained. In some cases where folders contained other folders, the materials have been separated and the folders have been cross referenced. The folders as received were not in usable research order, and they were re-arranged in alphabetical order by folder title during processing of the collection.
Author: Finding aid prepared by Lindsay Woodel.
Encoding: Finding aid encoded by Tatyana Badalyan 2008 September 30

Additional Information

Related material: RESOURCES AT BROWN: The Chester H. Kirk Collection on Alcoholism and Alcoholics Anonymous Robert Holbrook Smith ("Dr. Bob") collection National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (U.S.) Kurtz Collection audio cassettes and related papers Clarence H. Snyder papers Jean J. Rossi papers RESOURCES BEYOND BROWN: Minnesota Model: Description of Counseling Approach,” National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) The Minnesota Model at Hazelden
Other information:
    Brown University Library catalog record for this collection: Daniel J. Anderson papers


Box 1, Folder 1 AA and growing self-help group movement
Box 1, Folder 2 Administration (1)
Box 1, Folder 3 Administration (2)
Box 1, Folder 4 Administration (3)
Box 1, Folder 5 Administration (4)
Box 1, Folder 6 Adolescent treatment
Box 1, Folder 7 Alcohol and Drug Program Administration (ADPA) talk for Employment Training Panel (ETP)
Box 1, Folder 8 Alcohol and society (1)
Box 1, Folder 9 Alcohol and society (2)
Box 1, Folder 10 Alcohol and women
Box 1, Folder 11 Alcohol/C.D. and crime (1)
Box 1, Folder 12 Alcohol/C.D. and crime (2)
Box 1, Folder 13 American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
Box 1, Folder 14 Anderson, Dan
Box 1, Folder 15 Anorexia nervosa/bulimia
Box 1, Folder 16 Anorexia nervosa/eating disorders
Box 1, Folder 17 Barriers to self-care
Box 1, Folder 18 Barriers to understanding
Box 1, Folder 19 Basic basic
Box 1, Folder 20 Basic skills and knowledge for counselors--Sweden (Core function 3)
Box 1, Folder 21 Belonging--Healing and 12 steps recovery (1)
Box 1, Folder 22 Belonging--Healing and 12 steps recovery (2)
Box 1, Folder 23 Bibliotherapy rationale
Box 1, Folder 24 Biology of alcoholism
Box 1, Folder 25 Board education
Box 1, Folder 26 Burnout (see also People in systems)
Box 1, Folder 27 Catholic message on substance abuse
Box 1, Folder 28 Changing paradigms of health care
Box 1, Folder 29 Chemical dependency futures to correct
Box 1, Folder 30 Chemical dependency future--day 2, part III (1)
Box 1, Folder 31 Chemical dependency future--day 2, part III (2)
Box 1, Folder 32 Chronic illness
Box 2, Folder 1 Chronic illness/new outline (part of mutual help group and mini seminar)
Box 2, Folder 2 Chronic illness: pathway to wholeness and health
Box 2, Folder 3 Chronic illness: role collaboration model
Box 2, Folder 4 Clean outline
Box 2, Folder 5 Cognitive psychology
Box 2, Folder 6 Comprehensive treatment prevention talk
Box 2, Folder 7 Continuum of care for Sweden
Box 2, Folder 8 Contributions list-spirituality
Box 2, Folder 9 Copenhagen-Minnesota Model (1)
1994 Apr
Box 2, Folder 10 Copenhagen-Minnesota Model (2)
1994 Apr
Box 2, Folder 11 Copenhagen-Minnesota Model (3)
1994 Apr
Box 2, Folder 12 Core functions of definitions
Box 2, Folder 13 Correspondence
Box 2, Folder 14 Counseling in alcoholism--overview
Box 2, Folder 15 Counselor training
Box 2, Folder 16 Counselor training theoretical models (see also Future environment)
Box 2, Folder 17 Daniel J Anderson (DJA) Research Award (candidate papers 1)
Box 2, Folder 18 Daniel J Anderson (DJA) Research Award (candidate papers 2)
Box 2, Folder 19 Daniel J Anderson Award nominations
Box 2, Folder 20 Dedication: untalk mutual help, Poland
1989 May
Box 2, Folder 21 Developmental paths
Box 2, Folder 22 Diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism
Box 2, Folder 23 Diagnosis of alcoholism
Box 2, Folder 24 Donor appreciation dinner
1989 May 30
Box 2, Folder 25 Drug actions
Box 2, Folder 26 Dynamics of motivation in alcoholism (New York)
Box 2, Folder 27 Dynamics of Power Conference
1989 Dec 6
Box 2, Folder 28 Effectiveness of self-help process
Box 2, Folder 29 Ego development (VA Hospital)
Box 2, Folder 30 Etiological factors in the genesis of alcoholism
Box 2, Folder 31 Experimental knowledge and self-help groups
Box 2, Folder 32 Feminism
Box 2, Folder 33 Fundamentals of substance abuse counseling (Michigan)
Box 2, Folder 34 Future environment (see also Counselor training theoretical models)
Box 2, Folder 35 Futurics (1)
Box 2, Folder 36 Futurics (2)
Box 3, Folder 1 Gambling problems
Box 3, Folder 2 Global perspective talk
Box 3, Folder 3 Good humor file
Box 3, Folder 4 Grief counseling
Box 3, Folder 5 Group therapy and self-help
Box 3, Folder 6 Happy drunks won U.S. liberty W.J.R. Rorabaugh "A nation of sots"
Box 3, Folder 7 Harvard Mental Health Letter (1) see also Hazelden professional update
Box 3, Folder 8 Harvard Mental Health Letter (2)see also Hazelden professional update
Box 3, Folder 9 Hazelden Chicago Open House
1997 Feb 6
Box 3, Folder 10 Hazelden current-50th year
Box 3, Folder 11 Hazelden description
Box 3, Folder 12 Hazelden 50th talk outlines (1)
Box 3, Folder 13 Hazelden 50th talk outlines (2)
Box 3, Folder 14 Hazelden history
1998 Dec
Box 3, Folder 15 Hazelden live case study
Box 3, Folder 16 Hazelden professional update (see also Harvard Mental Health Letter)
Box 3, Folder 17 Historic patterns of drug control / Musto, David
Box 3, Folder 18 Historical and cultural attitudes
Box 3, Folder 19 History of Betty Ford Center
1996 Feb
Box 3, Folder 20 Ideas
Box 3, Folder 21 Impaired psychologists / Skorina, Jane
Box 3, Folder 22 Indian culture
Box 3, Folder 23 Indian Health Services management functions
Box 3, Folder 24 Indianapolis Review, Minnesota experience
Box 3, Folder 25 Interdisciplinary team of 3 experts
Box 3, Folder 26 Is alcoholism a psych illness?
Box 3, Folder 27 Joys and sorrows of sobriety (1)
Box 3, Folder 28 Joys and sorrows of sobriety (2)
Box 3, Folder 29 Judges 15 professional use of chemical
Box 4, Folder 1 Learning
Box 4, Folder 2 Learning theory of alcoholism
Box 4, Folder 3 Lecture / special edition
Box 4, Folder 4 Lectures (1)
Box 4, Folder 5 Lectures (2)
Box 4, Folder 6 Lectures (3)
Box 4, Folder 7 Limits of psychological knowledge
Box 4, Folder 8 Living with chronic illness
Box 4, Folder 9 Living with chronic illness--hot
Box 4, Folder 10 Management--consultation at Hazelden
Box 4, Folder 11 Management--consultation at Hazelden,ACATA Board Meeting
1980 May 29
Box 4, Folder 12 Management information system
Box 4, Folder 13 Management issues
Box 4, Folder 14 Materials for presentations on alcoholism, treaatment options
Box 4, Folder 15 Mayo update / Morse, Bob
Box 4, Folder 16 MI/CD history
Box 4, Folder 17 Midwest handouts: counselors quality assurance
Box 4, Folder 18 Minnesota chemical dependency treatment system
Box 4, Folder 19 Minnesota experience
Box 4, Folder 20 Minnesota Experience : Fall Conference MCDA
Box 4, Folder 21 Minnesota Experience "Hot" (1)
Box 4, Folder 22 Minnesota Experience "Hot" (2)
Box 4, Folder 23 Minnesota experience--Japan
Box 4, Folder 24 Minnesota model
Box 4, Folder 25 Minnesota model "hot"--USSR
Box 4, Folder 26 Models of addictive need
Box 4, Folder 27 Models of chemical dependency for Indian Health Services
Box 4, Folder 28 Mutual help group conference, Hazelden
Box 4, Folder 29 National Association for Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC)
Box 4, Folder 30 National Association for Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC) Magazine
Box 4, Folder 31 NAADAC'96
Box 4, Folder 32 New chemical dependency model overview/background
Box 4, Folder 33 New ADPA talk
Box 4, Folder 34 Note on original organization of collection
Box 5, Folder 1 Oddities of alcoholics
Box 5, Folder 2 On evaluation--tool or tyranny II / Weckwerth, Vernon E.
Box 5, Folder 3 Paradox talk revisited
Box 5, Folder 4 Patient rehabilitation plan
Box 5, Folder 5 People in systems (see also Burnout)
Box 5, Folder 6 People make programs--characteristics of human services people
Box 5, Folder 7 Philosophy of intervention
Box 5, Folder 8 Poland
1989 May
Box 5, Folder 9 Positive psychology / Seligman, Martin
Box 5, Folder 10 Post-modernism
Box 5, Folder 11 Prayer and spirituality
Box 5, Folder 12 Prevention / Nathan, Peter
Box 5, Folder 13 Prevention : Annual Board Meeting
1994 Apr
Box 5, Folder 14 Primary prevention / Albee, George
Box 5, Folder 15 Problem solving guide
Box 5, Folder 16 Progress in area of public policy
Box 5, Folder 17 Progress in the field--hot. Dave Powell talk, Rutgers
Box 5, Folder 18 Progress in the field of treatment/rehabilitation
Box 5, Folder 19 Progress in treatment--see also Minnesota Model 1989 USSR
Box 5, Folder 20 Psychopathology of denial
Box 5, Folder 21 Psychopathology of denial--hot
Box 5, Folder 22 Psychotherapy integration / Goldfield, Manny
Box 5, Folder 23 Quality assurance activities outline
Box 5, Folder 24 Quality assurance and communicating with policy makers
Box 5, Folder 25 Quality assurance in patient care / Weckwerth, Vernon
Box 5, Folder 26 Rationale for quality assurance activities
Box 5, Folder 27 Recent past, pt. II (1). New revitalization movement
Box 5, Folder 28 Recent past, pt. II (2)
Box 5, Folder 29 Relapse prevention
Box 5, Folder 30 Relapse prevention counseling (1)
Box 5, Folder 31 Relapse prevention counseling (2)
Box 5, Folder 32 Renewal Center
Box 5, Folder 33 Renewal Center copies
Box 5, Folder 34 Research advisory panel / Owen, Pat
Box 5, Folder 35 Research Reward
Box 5, Folder 36 Research Award
1999 May 20
Box 5, Folder 37 Research Award
Box 6, Folder 1 Resiliency, youth risk factors
Box 6, Folder 2 Responsibility for the treatment graduate--After care plans
Box 6, Folder 3 Role of self-help groups--overview
Box 6, Folder 4 Role resource collaboration outline
Box 6, Folder 5 Rural issues
Box 6, Folder 6 Rutgers Institue: spirituality in treatment tool
Box 6, Folder 7 Rutgers Institute: the concept of addiction
Box 6, Folder 8 Self-help Clearinghouse. Frank Riessman
Box 6, Folder 9 Setting boundaries
Box 6, Folder 10 Sex and alcohol
Box 6, Folder 11 Short talks on alcoholism, treatment effectiveness, relapse / recovery "hot"
Box 6, Folder 12 Six essentials of the way (1)
Box 6, Folder 13 Six essentials of the way (2)
Box 6, Folder 14 Smoking cessation
Box 6, Folder 15 Spirituality (1)
Box 6, Folder 16 Spirituality (2)
Box 6, Folder 17 Spirituality (3)
Box 6, Folder 18 Spirituality (4)
Box 6, Folder 19 Spirituality : Betty Ford Center Conference
1989 Feb
Box 6, Folder 20 Spirituality : perspectives on treatment; what is AA oriented? (1)
Box 6, Folder 21 Spirituality : perspectives on treatment; what is AA oriented? (2)
Box 7, Folder 1 Social learning theory
Box 7, Folder 2 Special interest seminar
Box 7, Folder 3 Stages character structure (1)
Box 7, Folder 4 Stages character structure (2)
Box 7, Folder 5 Statistics on alcohol consumption, latest treatment ideas, alcohol related health problems
Box 7, Folder 6 Talk #1: Global dimensions of alcohol and drug addiction
Box 7, Folder 7 Talk #2 (revised): Process addictions (1)
Box 7, Folder 8 Talk #2 (revised): Process addictions (2)
Box 7, Folder 9 Talk #3 (revised): Workaholism / work addiction
Box 7, Folder 10 Texas alcohol and drug research communications (1)
Box 7, Folder 11 Texas alcohol and drug research communications (2)
Box 7, Folder 12 Thoughts about things
Box 7, Folder 13 Treatment
Box 7, Folder 14 Treatment: Minnesota model outline
Box 7, Folder 15 Treatment committee
Box 7, Folder 16 Treatment models (cassette)
Box 7, Folder 17 Treatment outcome: voluntary versus committed
Box 7, Folder 18 Trend analysis part IV (1)
Box 7, Folder 19 Trend analysis part IV (2)
Box 7, Folder 20 Trend analysis part IV (3)
Box 7, Folder 21 Trend analysis part IV (4)
Box 7, Folder 22 University of Minnesota honorary degree
Box 7, Folder 23 What is recovery?